Self-efficacy and sexual assault
McCauley, Jenna Leigh
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Using a sample of 941 college women, this study attempted to explicate the impact of contextual factors, alcohol use and victim-offender relationship, on sexual self-efficacy. Consistent with previous research, higher frequency of assault was related to lower overall sexual self-efficacy. Participants expressed significantly lower self-efficacy for contexts involving alcohol than those not involving alcohol. For victim-offender relationship, participants expressed lower efficacy in situations involving intimate partners than those with acquaintances and strangers. Finally, factors contributing to context specific self-efficacies were examined. Further research, especially longitudinal research, is needed to aid in understanding the complex relationship between victimization, self-efficacy, alcohol, and interpersonal problems.