Lloyd, Jan Marie
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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between peer influence, role model influence, extraversion, self-confidence, and self-efficacy and the number of leadership positions a college student holds. The study also examined the impact each independent variable had on the number of leadership positions held. The final purpose of the study was to examine the relationship of peer influence, role model influence, extraversion, self-confidence, and self-efficacy, both collectively and individually, on the number of leadership positions held based on gender. The Lloyd Leadership Instrument was developed, which measured students on the five constructs. It was piloted on a group of students and proved reliable. The Lloyd Leadership Instrument was disseminated to 331 students at various student organizational meetings. Simultaneous multiple regression analyses and partial correlations were analyzed to answer the research questions. Peer influence, role model influence, extraversion, self-confidence, and self-efficacy were statistically significant indicating these characteristics and influences describe student leaders. Results also showed that self-efficacy or previous leadership experience is the best predictor for college student leadership. Although not significant, the next strongest predictors for college student leadership for males were role model influence and extraversion. For females, the next strongest predictors for college student leadership were self-confidence and extraversion although they were not statistically significant. Allowing students to take on leadership roles is important in developing college student leaders. Implications also show the importance for providing leadership opportunities in high school. Previous leadership experiences provide students with a level of self-confidence and an indication of their success as a student leader. It is vital for student affairs administrators to mentor and guide students while in a leadership role so they are successful. One suggestion is to rotate leadership responsibilities rather than having a few positional leaders so that students get an opportunity to serve in a leadership capacity.