Posttraumatic growth in college students who had a serious and/or chronic childhood illness
Devine, Katie Ann
MetadataShow full item record
Posttraumatic growth, or positive psychological change experienced as a result of struggling with highly challenging life circumstances, has not been thoroughly examined in young adult survivors of serious and/or chronic childhood illnesses. The present study aimed to examine posttraumatic growth in young adult survivors by identifying specific disease factors, distress variables, and family and individual coping factors associated with and predictive of posttraumatic growth. Individuals who identified their current illness status as “recovered” reported greater growth than those who currently experience illness symptoms. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to examine a model of posttraumatic growth, with the order of entry of variables determined by Wallander and Varni’s (1992) disability-stress-coping model. The final model, which included perceived disruptiveness, perceived pain, current illness status, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and healthy family functioning, accounted for 53% of the variance in posttraumatic growth. Research and clinical implications are discussed.