Gender and race/ethnic differences in consequences of discrimination
Byrum, Carrie Noble
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The aim of the current study was to investigate the race/ethnic and gender subgroup differences in subjective outcomes after treatment discrimination in the workplace. Individuals responded to a series of questions intended to measure their subjective work and non-work outcomes (e.g., supervisor satisfaction, coworker satisfaction, work satisfaction, physical health, psychological health). They also responded to 12 questions intended to ascertain their experience of specific discriminatory events at work (e.g., unable to get answers regarding promotion, unjustified negative comments on evaluation, excluded from career-enhancing social events). Results indicated that individuals who experience discrimination at work have less positive outcomes than individuals who do not. Moreover, the differences between specific subgroups both experiencing and not experiencing discrimination followed the same general pattern such that Black and non-Hispanic White men had similar outcomes, Hispanic men and non-Hispanic White women had similar outcomes, and Black and Hispanic women had similar outcomes. In addition, the results of this study demonstrated similarity in outcomes for non-Hispanic Whites compared to Blacks and Hispanics as well as for men compared to women. Implications of these results are that the experience of discrimination is uniformly negative for all who experience it but also that the outcomes of members of specific subgroups are, for the most part, reflective of their position within none, one or two low status social groups.