A comparative study of section 504 of the United States' Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Law of the People's Republic of China on the protection of disabled persons
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This study employs legal research methodology. Research includes an extensive search for relevant sources on the Section 504 of the United States’ Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Disabled Persons, including federal legislation, regulations, case laws, and other documents. The resulting documents are reviewed, analyzed, synthesized to construct an accurate historical perspective on these two laws. The study found that the letter of the Chinese law seems to address more issues than the U.S. law but the U.S. law provides broader protection than the Chinese law. The U.S. law serves its purpose: to include people with disabilities into the society in which they live. The Chinese law fails to do so because it lacks clearly defined term of discrimination, lacks accessibility & accommodation mandates, as well as effective enforcement mechanisms and independent judicial system. Recommendations for Chinese lawmakers are provided.