Structural change and intraprovincial disparities in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Schmidt, Philipp Walter
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This study investigates processes of structural economic change and socio-economic de-velopment in Xinjiang, P. R. China, between 1978 and 2002. The focus is on the dynamics of sectoral labor shift. The rationale of the labor transition model, as it plays out in more developed and in less developed countries, is taken as a conceptual background. Methodologically, intersec-toral differentials in labor productivity are tracked. It is found that the structural change in Xin-jiang is service-dominated, while that in China nationally is rather manufacturing-dominated. The uneven development within the region is analyzed at the county level between 1997 and 2002 by taking into account GDP per capita, the shares of GDP by economic sector, and the pro-portion of Han Chinese in the population. While the spatial economic disparities have declined, the interethnic disparities have widened. Especially in cities, national minorities are underprivi-leged in terms of access to industrial and higher-income employment.