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This thesis analyzes the evolution of /b/ and /w/ from Latin to the Romance languages. It seeks to answer two questions: 1) Why do all the Romance Languages except Spanish distinguish between /b/ and /v/?; and 2) Did the sound [v] ever exist in Spanish? Traditional thviews maintain that a labiodental voiced fricative /v/ existed in Spanish until the 16 century. Nevertheless, this study argues that /v/ was never part of the Spanish phonological system, a finding supported by the orthographic confusion between b and v in Old Spanish texts prior to the 16th century. This thesis maintains that Latin /w/ in all contexts and /b/ in intervocalic position merged into [ ] and that this bilabial fricative was maintained in Spanish, yet it became /v/ in the other Romance languages.