Fields, Antar Petey
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The purpose of this study is to “decolonize” Edward W. Blyden, educator, diplomat, and black nationalist, by isolating three of his most controversial and contradicting ideologies—race, colonization, and religion—within the context of his “multiple consciousness”: the Negro, the American, and the African. Historians criticize Blyden for his disdain for mulattoes, pro-colonization and pro-imperialist stance, and his idealistic praise of Islam. The inaccuracy of these ideologies has received considerable attention by Blyden historians. The objective of this study is not to add to the criticism but to demystify and deconstruct Blyden’s rhetoric by analyzing the substance and intent of his arguments. Concentrating on his model for a West African nation-state allows more insight into the complexities of his thought. Studying the historical environment in which Blyden formulated his ideologies provide a more in-depth analysis into how his multiple consciousness evolved.