A qualitative examination of multiculturally competent clinical supervisors
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The purpose of this study was to examine multicultural supervision from the perspective of clinical supervisors who were nominated by previous and current pre-doctoral psychology interns as being multiculturally competent in their supervision work. The goal of this study was to understand how supervisors translate multicultural expertise into supervisory practice. Guiding the study were the following research questions: (a) How do multiculturally competent psychologists and counselor educators define multicultural supervision? (b) How do multiculturally competent psychologists and counselor educators operationalize the multicultural competencies in their supervisory practice with supervisees? (c) Do multiculturally competent psychologists and counselor educators differentiate between general counseling expertise and multicultural counseling expertise? (d) What sort of purposeful activities do multiculturally competent psychologists and counselor educators implement or engage in with their supervisees when exploring multicultural issues in supervision? (e) What sorts of experiences have contributed to multicultural competent counselors’ and psychologists’ competence in conducting multicultural supervision? (f) How do multiculturally competent counselor and psychologists help supervisees differentiate between the difference of culture/cultural differences and significant psychological issues? (g) How do multicultural competent counselors and psychologists evaluate supervisees in their ability to provide counseling services to a diverse clientele? Data collection included information gathered from semi-structured interviews and a demographic survey. Data analysis employed grounded theory methodology. Interviews demonstrated dimensions of the multicultural competencies of awareness, knowledge and skills within the context of multicultural supervisory practice. Implications for individual supervisors, counseling training programs and research are presented.