An analysis of factors affecting the global location of pork production
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The pork sector of the agricultural industry is a valuable contributor to the global food supply. Competitiveness considerations and technological change have contributed to the transformation of production away from dispersed small-scale units toward concentrated, large-scale production facilities. In this study, we described major characteristics and trends in world and U.S. pork markets. We also analyzed the effects of environmental constraints on changes in pork production. The analysis is addressed through the development of a cross-country, time-series model relating changes in pork production to changes in demand and cross-country differences in land availability. The results indicate that pork production responds to changes in pork demand and simultaneously, the responsiveness to pork demand is impacted by land availability. Because these and similar factors have implications for the ability of the hog industry to expand, land availability may become a key determinant of the future scale of the pork industry.