Lexical variation of Chiangmai dialect in Chiangmai Province in Thailand
Hatfield, Sudarat Leerabhandh
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This research is a sociolinguistic study to find out whether there is lexical variation in the Chiangmai dialect in Chiangmai province in Thailand. It documents the differences of lexical use among the Chiangmai people, considers whether social factors such as age, education, sex, and urban/rural residence cause the differences. This project includes thirty-six speakers spread across twenty-two districts (Amphurs) in Chiangmai province. For each speaker, responses to two hundred and eighty-nine different questions, or linguistic variables, are tabulated. The results are analyzed separately in order to reveal the patterns of variation by the variables of age, education, sex, and region. The principal method is a questionnaire, which covers nine topics drawn from daily life. Instead of using fixed questions aimed to elicit short responses, the questionnaire was used as a guide for conversation. Tape recordings of informal conversation were also made. Questionnaire responses are transliterated in English Roman script to represent Chiangmai words exactly as the Chiangmai people pronounce them. It was concluded that age and education are two social factors that cause lexical variation among the Chiangmai people. Sex is only a small factor in lexical variation. Region is another social factor which causes lexical variation in the Chiangmai dialect.