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dc.contributor.authorSauret, Belinda Ann
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation will consider the implicit utopian discourse in two documents concerning the Guaraní War (1753-1757). The first document chronologically is the Relação published in 1757 and authored by the Portuguese prime minister, Sebastião Caravalho e Melo, more commonly known as the Marquis of Pombal. The Relação blames the Jesuits for having caused the rebellion of the Guaraní Indians against the Iberian authorities in charge of the transfer of the seven missions on the eastern bank of the Uruguay River for the small port of Colonia do Sacramento. The Declaración de la verdad, the second document, written by the Jesuit missionary José Cardiel, attempts to refute the accusations against the Jesuits, specifically those charges surrounding the Indians’ activities between 1750 and 1756. Additionally, this document serves as a general apology for the Jesuits’ work among the South American Indians. A reading of Fernando Ainsa’s analysis of the structure and purpose of utopias suggests, however, that both documents might be less concerned with the immediate effects of the Indians’ rebellion than with a long-term strategy to develop institutional structures that take in to account the presence of indigenous populations. The two utopias posited by the authors further serve to reveal the ideological basis of the conflict between the Jesuits and their regalist opponents. Voltaire’s novel Candide provides an Enlightenment framework for the debate, in addition to offering contemporary views on the Portuguese minister’s regime, the work of the Jesuits among the Guaraní, and Voltaire’s own view of a possible utopia for South American Indians. Index words: jesuita, José Cardiel, Sebastião Caravalho e Melo, el marqués de Pombal, o Marquês de Pombal, guaraní, misiones, Paraguay, Tratado de Madrid
dc.subjectJosé Cardiel
dc.subjectSebastião Caravalho e Melo
dc.subjectel marqués de Pombal
dc.subjecto Marquês de Pombal
dc.subjectTratado de Madrid
dc.titleLas cosas de estotro mundo
dc.title.alternativeCardiel y Pombal, utopistas, frente a la Guerra Guaranítica
dc.description.departmentRomance Languages
dc.description.advisorJulie Greer Johnson
dc.description.committeeJulie Greer Johnson
dc.description.committeeJosé Luis Gómez-Martínez
dc.description.committeeNoel Fallows
dc.description.committeeRobert Moser
dc.description.committeeSusan Quinlen

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