Parenting styles, maternal efficacy, and impact of a childhood disability on the family in mothers of children with disabilities
Pugh, Gwendolyn Anne
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The purpose of the study was to examine how maternal efficacy and the impact of a childhood disability on the family were related to the mother’s parenting styles. Sixty-eight mothers of children with disabilities were recruited from intervention and educational programs for children with disabilities. Efficacy was positively related to positive parenting styles: induction and nurturance, but was not related to parenting style: power assertion. Efficacy was negatively related to negative cognitive appraisals of the impact of the childhood disability. Positive cognitive appraisals were positively related to parenting style: induction, but were not related to parenting style: nurturance and power assertion. Negative cognitive appraisals were not related to parenting. The results of the study allow professionals working with populations of children with disabilities and their mothers to better understand various contributors of parenting styles.