Factors associated with community versus institutional long term care
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This research explored characteristics of the elderly that are associated with use of long-term care services. Using the 1999 National Long Term Care Survey, logistic regression was employed to examine the relationship of race with the use of formal and informal long-term care. This study also examined the relationship of health insurance with the use of formal and informal long-term care. The Andersen Model on health service utilization was used as the theoretical framework. The findings indicated that race was not associated with the use of long-term care but rather other predisposing, enabling and need variables. Health insurance was found to be associated with the use of long-term care even after controlling for predisposing, enabling and need variables.