The influence of unit size on adult readers with a modified stroop and nonword reading task
Sieczko, Jennifer Marie
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The purpose of this experiment was to examine which levels of spelling-sound relations are most influential with proficient readers. Some researchers believe that small units or grapheme-to-phoneme correspondences (GPC) are most influential, others believe that large units or rime units are most influential, while others argue that both are important and that the use of each is task dependent (Brown & Deavers, 1999). The current study extends on research done by Strauss (2001), which aimed to determine which size unit was most influential in early word reading with a modified Stroop task. The modified picture-word Stroop task was also utilized for this study, but with adult readers and was designed to determine whether GPC or rime units were most influential in adult automatic reading. In addition, a nonword reading task adapted from Brown & Deavers (1999) was used to determine which size unit was most influential in strategic reading.