La (re)escritura de la historia como fundamento de la construcción de la nación en cuatro novelas de Laura Restrepo
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Framed within cultural discourse, this dissertation focuses on the work of Laura Restrepo, a contemporary Latin American novelist preoccupied with memory and the definition of truth in History. Born and raised in Colombia, this ex-journalist has created her own literary space between and among genres, whereby her fiction shapes out of her own extensive historical research and reveals a deep sense of cultural heritage. The texts that I analyze—La isla de la pasión (1989), Leopardo al sol (1993), La novia oscura (1997) and La multitud errante (2001)—reflect several decades of national and international History, and focus, on one hand, on facts—the Civil Wars, the arrival of capitalism to segments of society still functioning through a feudal system, the violence generated by the drug trafficking—and, on the other hand, on the problematic that rises when the impact of such events is articulated in an official discourse. These two aspects structure and substantiate both the internal and the external structure of the fictional matter. The plots and the themes of the analyzed novels are rooted in History, however, Restrepo asserts a personal vision of History through the structure of her texts. This vision, simultaneously, justifies the choice of the author’s narration techniques.