The relationship between race and gender on promotions and developmental job opportunities to senior level management positions
Davis, Jimmy L.
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Promotions are used by organizations to capitalize on employee knowledge and skills and to motivate workers to perform (Kramer & Lambert, 2001). The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of both race and gender on: 1) promotion decisions and 2) access to developmental opportunities. 385 college students participated. Participants analyzed four possible candidates for three potential developmental positions were open at the senior level of a fictitious company. Each position differed in developmental opportunity, thus creating a high, medium, and low responsibility position. Results showed that White males were most advantaged in both receiving a promotion and level of developmental opportunity. Other comparisons between both race and gender were made. Results indicate both a direct and indirect effect of race and gender on developmental job opportunities.