The dairy industry of Trinidad and Tobago : an economic analysis
Samuel, Lesroy Emanuel
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The dairy industry of Trinidad and Tobago is important to the social and economic development of the twin island state. The industry has experienced fluctuations in production over the past decades, has shown no change in production over the past few years, and is expected to decline without policy changes. Most of the efforts to encourage dairy development have focused on larger farms, with the smaller farms mostly neglected. The industry is constrained by high labor cost, lack of funds, competition with imported powdered milk, and lack of government support. The objectives of this study are to investigate whether there is a difference in productivity between hired labor and family operated farms and between large and small farms. An F-test was used to test for difference in productivity between farms. The results show no significant difference in productivity between small and large farms and, also, no significant difference between hired labor and family operated farms. Therefore, large and small farms should be given similar considerations. Family labor could be substituted for hired labor where practical and economically feasible.