Conflict and culture : the development of international preservation advocacy in the twentieth century and its effectiveness in armed conflict
McCullough, Sarah Hudson
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Cultural heritage is integral to human identity. Humanity is becoming increasingly aware of the significance of cultural property in preserving a culture’s history, beliefs, and achievements. Yet, in World War II the world saw how truly destructive war could be. In the conflicts of the Balkans fifty years later, the world saw how devastating to cultural heritage war could be as conflicts increasingly arise from cultural or religious differences. The purpose of this study is to analyze the origins, roles, and effectiveness of international cultural heritage organizations and legal instruments as they relate to cultural heritage protection during armed conflict. In conclusion, a determination will be made as to the effectiveness of these organizations and instruments, and recommendations will be made as to how their effectiveness can be enhanced.