La focalisation dans La rue Cases-Negres : une analyse du roman de Joseph Zobel et du film d’Euzhan Palcy
McCoy, Kerri Elizabeth
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This thesis treats the social problems of Martinique in the 1930s. In this work, I will analyze the novel La rue Cases-Nègres by Joseph Zobel and the film adaptation by Euzhan Palcy, with the theory of focalization, in four chapters. I will study focalization, a theory that treats the problem of who sees ? in a texte, as opposed to who speaks?, which is a problem of narration. By the internal and unique focalization of a young Martinican in these two works, we will see the social hierarchy that was present between blacks, mulattos and whites during this time period, as a result of French slavery and colonialization. In Zobel’s novel and Palcy’s film, we will see the struggles that the people of Martinique experience in a country that is influenced by a mixture of African, Creole and French cultures. We will also see hope for improvement through the eyes of José, the internal and only focalizer in the two media.