Archaeogeophysical investigation of a Samnite site, Monte Pallano, Italy
Gragg, Kelly Brian
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This study conducted an archaeogeophysical investigation of a Samnite site on Monte Pallano, Italy. The geophysical techniques of total field and vertical gradient magnetometry and ground penetrating radar were employed to locate buried stonewalls and other anthropogenic features at Monte Pallano in the area of Trench 8000. The application of the statistical technique of cross-correlation for processing magnetic data was developed. Cross-correlation tests were conducted on synthetic magnetic data computed for a uniformly magnetized sphere. Seven parameters were tested to determine their effect on the ability of cross-correlation to resolve the position and depth of an anomaly source. The locations of sixteen anomalies were corroborated with both the magnetic and ground penetrating radar techniques, four of which were the locations of known walls. Multi-technique geophysical prospection with magnetometry and ground penetrating radar with the statistical technique of cross-correlation, were effective at locating buried stonewalls at Monte Pallano.