Working women and alcohol : is there evidence for a stress-induced model of alcohol use? : the roles of perceptions of control and depression
Tinney, Shannon Michele
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This study extends the sociology of stress paradigm in examining women’s alcohol consumption in exploring how depressive symptomatology mediates the relationship between full-time employed women’s perceptions of control at home and work (formalization, procedural justice, and work-family conflict) and monthly alcohol consumption to posit a stress-induced model of alcohol use. A sample of full-time employed women (n=1,038) from the 1997 National Employee Survey, a nationally representative random sample of full-time employees is used for this analysis. Perceptions of control were inversely related to depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were inversely related to monthly alcohol consumption. Ultimately, empirical evidence offers no support for a stress-induced model of alcohol consumption. Instead, evidence suggests there is two separate processes creating stress that manifest as different mental health outcomes for full-time employed women.