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dc.contributor.authorKeyser, Amber Jessen
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-03T21:01:48Z
dc.date.available2014-03-03T21:01:48Z
dc.date.issued2003-08
dc.identifier.otherkeyser_amber_j_200308_phd
dc.identifier.urihttp://purl.galileo.usg.edu/uga_etd/keyser_amber_j_200308_phd
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10724/21082
dc.description.abstractEffective conservation management of threatened populations depends upon quality demographic data analyzed in a robust statistical framework and long-term monitoring to determine the efficacy of management strategies. In this study, I assessed the conservation status of a threatened population of western bluebirds (Sialia mexicana) in northwestern Oregon. The focal population has been on a slow recovery from precipitous population declines in the mid-20 th century. Using a detailed demographic analysis that included both age-related and annual variation in vital rates, I showed that the population, under current conditions, is nearly stable and perhaps slightly increasing. A subset of the population was the subject of a supplemental feeding experiment. By following individuals throughout their lifetimes, I found that providing extra food to nestlings had positive short-term effects but caused severe decreases in future fecundity. The strong, contradictory effects on fitness components led me to conclude that under some conditions, supplemental feeding could lead to population decline, but that if implemented with care, supplemental feeding could be a useful conservation strategy. These results suggest that the future prospects for the population are encouraging. However, during the course of the study, I documented an infectious outbreak in the population, which caused high mortality. There was clear evidence for the action of natural selection on morphology and plumage. This episode of high mortality emphasized the precarious state of the population in the face of changing conditions at the rural-urban interface.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisheruga
dc.rightsOn Campus Only
dc.subjectconservation
dc.subjectdemography
dc.subjectmatrix population models
dc.subjectsupplemental feeding
dc.subjectnatural selection
dc.subjectsexual selection
dc.subjectwestern bluebird
dc.titleLife history, demography, and individual variation in western bluebirds
dc.typeDissertation
dc.description.degreePhD
dc.description.departmentGenetics
dc.description.majorGenetics
dc.description.advisorDaniel Promislow
dc.description.committeeDaniel Promislow
dc.description.committeeJohn Avise
dc.description.committeeMichael Arnold
dc.description.committeeRodney Mauricio
dc.description.committeeKenneth Ross


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