Security and human rights in conflict : a geo-security interactive model of the anti-personnel mine convention
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The APM Convention opened a new era in prohibiting widely used conventional weapons for the first time. Most previous studies have paid little attention to the political decision-making at the state level, despite the fact that states are in general the principal actors and violators of human rights. Therefore, in an attempt to supplement insufficient explanations and generalizations, a geo-security interactive model examines and tests diverse security and economic interests as well as human rights concerns regarding the total ban of anti-personnel landmines. In particular, since security concerns vary with economic development, and vice versa, a multiplicative model is applied to measure the joint effects of security concerns and economic development. As a result, the geo-security interactive model demonstrates that the determination of each country for the APM Convention has been in large part influenced by its self-defensive, border, and extraterritorial security concerns. On the other hand, economic interests and human rights concerns are not a necessary and sufficient condition of participating in the total ban of anti-personnel landmines. Finally, this research suggests that promoting bilateral agreements between antagonistic states can directly mobilize non-signatory countries to join the APM Convention by reducing their self-defensive and border security concerns.
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