The effects of pre-existing rape supportive biases on the occurrence of sexually aggressive behavior
Outman, Ryan Christopher
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The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between rape supportive attitudes on the occurrence of sexually aggressive behavior. Sexually aggressive men were compared with non-sexually aggressive men based on their reaction times to rape supportive stimuli on the Lexical Decision Task (LDT) and Implicit Association Test (IAT). The reaction times for the groups did not differ significantly. Participants’ reaction times were then compared on the basis of their endorsements on the Hostility Toward Women Scale (HTW) and Callous Sexual Beliefs Scale (CSB). While there were no significant differences based on HTW scores, participants that endorsed any item on the CSB had faster reaction times to rape supportive items on both tasks. The present data suggests that a history of sexual aggression does not affect reaction times to rape supportive stimuli, but pre-existing rape supportive beliefs does.