Liberal democracy and state participation in the international nonproliferation regime in the post-Cold War era : a cross-country analysis, 1992-2000
Young, Richard Glen
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United States policymakers argue that some countries are more likely to contribute to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction than are others. However, there is little scholarly research that examines the generalizable factors that explain states’ participation in the international nonproliferation regime. This paper examines the influence of liberal democracy on states’ participation in the nonproliferation regime. Using ordinary least squares (OLS) multivariate regression, I test the impact of democracy on nonproliferation regime participation, while controlling for the effects of economic development, economic openness, and nuclear weapons state status. The study examines the international community for which data are available in three years since the end of the Cold War: 1992, 1996, and 2000. I find that in all three years, controlling for the effects of the other independent variables, a state’s level of liberal democracy strongly correlates with its level of participation in the international nonproliferation regime.