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dc.contributor.authorWinter, Kimberly Ann
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-03T20:22:59Z
dc.date.available2014-03-03T20:22:59Z
dc.date.issued2002-12
dc.identifier.otherwinter_kimberly_a_200212_phd
dc.identifier.urihttp://purl.galileo.usg.edu/uga_etd/winter_kimberly_a_200212_phd
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10724/20710
dc.description.abstractThis study identifies terrestrial and aquatic resource management priorities for a proposed indigenous territory, the Tierra Comunitaria de Origen Itonama (TCOI), located in the lowland Amazonian floodplain of Beni, Bolivia. The research focused on extractive activities in the town of Bella Vista, and the objectives were: 1) to determine the species of terrestrial and aquatic fauna that were most frequently harvested for subsistence purposes by human residents, 2) to evaluate preferences and selectivity for particular species of terrestrial prey, 3) to quantify harvest of prey groups (birds, mammals, fish, reptiles) as a proportion of the local diet and economy, 4) to compare hunting, fishing, and production of livestock as sources of animal protein, and 5) to evaluate management of aquatic resources as represented by an indicator species, Colossoma macropomum. Research methods were interdisciplinary, and included interviews with residents of Bella Vista, transect surveys of terrestrial fauna, hunting and fishing activity reports, diet calendars, and collection of selected species. The results of interviews and harvest activity reports indicated that residents sometimes select or avoid certain species of prey according to cognitive preferences, rather than simply abundance or yield per unit of hunting effort, and those preferences may induce over-harvest. Ten species of mammals were identified as the most recognized and actively pursued terrestrial prey for human subsistence in Bella Vista: Agouti paca, Dasypus novemcinctus, Tayassu pecari, Mazama americana, Tayassu tajacu, Blastocerus dichotomus, Tapirus terrestris, Dasyprocta variegata, Mazama gouazoubira, and Priodontes maximus. Management efforts should focus on species that are most frequently exploited, are particular to certain habitats, and/or are vulnerable to depletion. Hunting and fishing activity reports and diet calendars demonstrated the economic and environmental significance of managing fish resources in particular for the subsistence of residents in the TCOI, and of protecting aquatic habitats from degradation due to deforestation and cattle ranching. Fisheries and aquatic resource management is promoted in a case study of Colossoma macropomum, the most important species of fish in the TCOI. Active, participatory, and adaptable management of natural resources in the TCOI will determine the survival of resident populations of fish, wildlife, and humans.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisheruga
dc.rightspublic
dc.subjectNatural resource management
dc.subjectTierra Comunitaria de Origen Itonama
dc.subjectBeni
dc.subjectBolivia
dc.subjectAmazon floodplain
dc.subjectWildlife
dc.subjectFish
dc.subjectSubsistence
dc.subjectIndigenous territory
dc.subjectHarvest management
dc.subjectHunting
dc.subjectFishing
dc.subjectOptimal foraging
dc.subjectSustainability
dc.subjectColossoma macropomum
dc.titleSubsistence use of terrestrial and aquatic animal resources in the Tierra Comunitaria de Origen Itonama of lowland Bolivia
dc.typeDissertation
dc.description.degreePhD
dc.description.departmentForest Resources
dc.description.majorForest Resources
dc.description.advisorMichael Conroy
dc.description.committeeMichael Conroy
dc.description.committeeRobert Warren
dc.description.committeeJohn Carroll
dc.description.committeeTheodore Gragson
dc.description.committeeRon Carroll


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