The relationship between alcohol expectancies and sexual assault experiences patterns of alcohol-related beliefs for victims and perpetrators
Ffrench, Kellie-Ann St. Clair
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Sexual assault is highly prevalent between acquaintances and within college populations. It has been proposed that sexual assault is a product of traditional gender roles and heterosexual dynamics. Alcohol consumption and sexual assault have been highly concurrent, particularly within dating contexts. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between alcohol expectancies and sexual assault experiences that involve alcohol consumption. Specifically, this study proposed to examine the predictive power of alcohol expectancies upon alcohol-related victimization experiences for women and perpetration experiences for men, any differences in alcohol expectancies across victimization and perpetration status, and the predictive power of male alcohol consumption upon alcohol-related sexual assault incidences. Results revealed that both victims and perpetrators of alcohol-related sexual assault engage in constellations of behavior that may place them at risk for these types of experiences. For women, it appears that engaging in traditionally masculine behavior may place them at greater risk; and, for men, it appears that also engaging in traditionally masculine behavior may place them at greater risk. Findings also suggested that both victims and perpetrators endorse greater alcohol-related beliefs than non-victims and non-perpetrators. Implications and recommendations are discussed.