Reinterpreting helping behavior in the context of I-D compensation theory
Turek, Greg Matthew
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Research has not yet identified personality variables that can moderate the bystander effect in B. Latan and J. M. Darley's (1970) bystander intervention model. The present study tested whether I-D orientation (G. M. Turek, 1999), overall and with respect to self-aggrandizement, could and whether it was associated with the motivations behind helping behavior in general. The results showed that I-D orientation with respect to self-aggrandizement, and to a lesser extent, I-D orientation overall, could moderate the influence of bystanders on the odds of helping in a staged emergency situation and that I-D orientation with respect to self-aggrandizement was differentially associated with egoistic and altruistic motivations for helping in general. The present research provides additional evidence for the predictive ability of I-D orientation, and more generally, I-D compensation theory (Martin, 1999).