Now showing items 140-159 of 1066

    • Bacterial genome adaptation to niches: Divergence of the potential virulence genes in three Burkholderiaspecies of different survival strategies 

      Kim, H Stanley; Schell, Mark A; Yu, Yan; Ulrich, Ricky L; Sarria, Saul H; Nierman, William C; DeShazer, David (2005-12-07)
      Abstract Background Two closely related species Burkholderia mallei (Bm) and Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) are serious human health hazards and are potential bio-warfare agents, whereas ...
    • Barcodes for genomes and applications 

      Zhou, Fengfeng; Olman, Victor; Xu, Ying (2008-12-17)
      Abstract Background Each genome has a stable distribution of the combined frequency for each k-mer and its reverse complement ...
    • Barriers and alternatives to pediatric rheumatology referrals: survey of general pediatricians in the United States 

      Correll, Colleen K; Spector, Logan G; Zhang, Lei; Binstadt, Bryce A; Vehe, Richard K (2015-07-29)
      Abstract Background Access to pediatric rheumatology (PR) care is limited, however the impact that limited access to PR has on pediatricians has not been examined. The goal ...
    • Barriers and facilitators to physical activity amongst overweight and obese women in an Afro-Caribbean population: A qualitative study 

      Alvarado, Miriam; Murphy, Madhuvanti M; Guell, Cornelia (2015-07-28)
      Abstract Background The proportion of obese women is nearly twice the proportion of obese men in Barbados, and physical inactivity may be a partial determinant. Using qualitative ...
    • BASIC study: is intravaginal boric acid non-inferior to metronidazole in symptomatic bacterial vaginosis? Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial 

      Zeron Mullins, Melinda; Trouton, Konia M (2015-07-26)
      Abstract Background Bacterial vaginosis is associated with increased transmission of sexually transmitted infections, preterm labor, post-surgical infections, and endometritis. ...
    • Bevacizumab promotes venous thromboembolism through the induction of PAI-1 in a mouse xenograft model of human lung carcinoma 

      Chen, Ni; Ren, Meiping; Li, Rong; Deng, Xin; Li, Yongjie; Yan, Kai; Xiao, Lamei; Yang, Yan; Wang, Liqun; Luo, Mao; Fay, William P; Wu, Jianbo (2015-07-29)
      Abstract Background An increased incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment in cancer. However, the ...
    • Bicycle-related hospitalizations at a Taiwanese level I Trauma Center 

      Liu, Hang-Tsung; Rau, Cheng-Shyuan; Liang, Chi-Cheng; Wu, Shao-Chun; Hsu, Shiun-Yuan; Hsieh, Hsiao-Yun; Hsieh, Ching-Hua (2015-07-29)
      Abstract Background This study aimed to investigate differences in injury severity and mortality between patients who met with bicycle or motorcycle accidents and were ...
    • Big data - a 21st century science Maginot Line? No-boundary thinking: shifting from the big data paradigm 

      Huang, Xiuzhen; Jennings, Steven F; Bruce, Barry; Buchan, Alison; Cai, Liming; Chen, Pengyin; Cramer, Carole L; Guan, Weihua; Hilgert, Uwe KK; Jiang, Hongmei; Li, Zenglu; McClure, Gail; McMullen, Donald F; Nanduri, Bindu; Perkins, Andy; Rekepalli, Bhanu; Salem, Saeed; Specker, Jennifer; Walker, Karl; Wunsch, Donald; Xiong, Donghai; Zhang, Shuzhong; Zhang, Yu; Zhao, Zhongming; Moore, Jason H (2015-02-06)
      Abstract Whether your interests lie in scientific arenas, the corporate world, or in government, you have certainly heard the praises of big data: Big data will give you new insights, allow you ...
    • Bio.Phylo: A unified toolkit for processing, analyzing and visualizing phylogenetic trees in Biopython 

      Talevich, Eric; Invergo, Brandon M; Cock, Peter JA; Chapman, Brad A (2012-08-21)
      Abstract Background Ongoing innovation in phylogenetics and evolutionary biology has been accompanied by a proliferation of software tools, data formats, analytical techniques and web servers. ...
    • Biodiversity of poly-extremophilic Bacteria: Does combining the extremes of high salt, alkaline pH and elevated temperature approach a physico-chemical boundary for life? 

      Bowers, Karen J; Mesbah, Noha M; Wiegel, Juergen (2009-11-23)
      Abstract Bacterial microorganisms that grow optimally at Na+ concentrations of 1.7 M, or the equivalent of 10% (w/v) NaCl, and greater are considered to be extreme halophiles. This review focuses ...
    • BioHackathon series in 2011 and 2012: penetration of ontology and linked data in life science domains 

      Katayama, Toshiaki; Wilkinson, Mark D; Aoki-Kinoshita, Kiyoko F; Kawashima, Shuichi; Yamamoto, Yasunori; Yamaguchi, Atsuko; Okamoto, Shinobu; Kawano, Shin; Kim, Jin-Dong; Wang, Yue; Wu, Hongyan; Kano, Yoshinobu; Ono, Hiromasa; Bono, Hidemasa; Kocbek, Simon; Aerts, Jan; Akune, Yukie; Antezana, Erick; Arakawa, Kazuharu; Aranda, Bruno; Baran, Joachim; Bolleman, Jerven; Bonnal, Raoul JP; Buttigieg, Pier L; Campbell, Matthew P; Chen, Yi-an; Chiba, Hirokazu; Cock, Peter JA; Cohen, K B; Constantin, Alexandru; Duck, Geraint; Dumontier, Michel; Fujisawa, Takatomo; Fujiwara, Toyofumi; Goto, Naohisa; Hoehndorf, Robert; Igarashi, Yoshinobu; Itaya, Hidetoshi; Ito, Maori; Iwasaki, Wataru; Kalaš, Matúš; Katoda, Takeo; Kim, Taehong; Kokubu, Anna; Komiyama, Yusuke; Kotera, Masaaki; Laibe, Camille; Lapp, Hilmar; Lütteke, Thomas; Marshall, M S; Mori, Takaaki; Mori, Hiroshi; Morita, Mizuki; Murakami, Katsuhiko; Nakao, Mitsuteru; Narimatsu, Hisashi; Nishide, Hiroyo; Nishimura, Yosuke; Nystrom-Persson, Johan; Ogishima, Soichi; Okamura, Yasunobu; Okuda, Shujiro; Oshita, Kazuki; Packer, Nicki H; Prins, Pjotr; Ranzinger, Rene; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Sansone, Susanna; Sawaki, Hiromichi; Shin, Sung-Ho; Splendiani, Andrea; Strozzi, Francesco; Tadaka, Shu; Toukach, Philip; Uchiyama, Ikuo; Umezaki, Masahito; Vos, Rutger; Whetzel, Patricia L; Yamada, Issaku; Yamasaki, Chisato; Yamashita, Riu; York, William S; Zmasek, Christian M; Kawamoto, Shoko; Takagi, Toshihisa (2014-02-05)
      Abstract The application of semantic technologies to the integration of biological data and the interoperability of bioinformatics analysis and visualization tools has been the common theme of a series of annual ...
    • BioHackathon series in 2011 and 2012: penetration of ontology and linked data in life science domains 

      Katayama, Toshiaki; Wilkinson, Mark D; Aoki-Kinoshita, Kiyoko F; Kawashima, Shuichi; Yamamoto, Yasunori; Yamaguchi, Atsuko; Okamoto, Shinobu; Kawano, Shin; Kim, Jin-Dong; Wang, Yue; Wu, Hongyan; Kano, Yoshinobu; Ono, Hiromasa; Bono, Hidemasa; Kocbek, Simon; Aerts, Jan; Akune, Yukie; Antezana, Erick; Arakawa, Kazuharu; Aranda, Bruno; Baran, Joachim; Bolleman, Jerven; Bonnal, Raoul J; Buttigieg, Pier L; Campbell, Matthew P; Chen, Yi-an; Chiba, Hirokazu; Cock, Peter J; Cohen, K B; Constantin, Alexandru; Duck, Geraint; Dumontier, Michel; Fujisawa, Takatomo; Fujiwara, Toyofumi; Goto, Naohisa; Hoehndorf, Robert; Igarashi, Yoshinobu; Itaya, Hidetoshi; Ito, Maori; Iwasaki, Wataru; Kalaš, Matúš; Katoda, Takeo; Kim, Taehong; Kokubu, Anna; Komiyama, Yusuke; Kotera, Masaaki; Laibe, Camille; Lapp, Hilmar; Lütteke, Thomas; Marshall, M S; Mori, Takaaki; Mori, Hiroshi; Morita, Mizuki; Murakami, Katsuhiko; Nakao, Mitsuteru; Narimatsu, Hisashi; Nishide, Hiroyo; Nishimura, Yosuke; Nystrom-Persson, Johan; Ogishima, Soichi; Okamura, Yasunobu; Okuda, Shujiro; Oshita, Kazuki; Packer, Nicki H; Prins, Pjotr; Ranzinger, Rene; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Sansone, Susanna; Sawaki, Hiromichi; Shin, Sung-Ho; Splendiani, Andrea; Strozzi, Francesco; Tadaka, Shu; Toukach, Philip; Uchiyama, Ikuo; Umezaki, Masahito; Vos, Rutger; Whetzel, Patricia L; Yamada, Issaku; Yamasaki, Chisato; Yamashita, Riu; York, William S; Zmasek, Christian M; Kawamoto, Shoko; Takagi, Toshihisa (2014-02-05)
      Abstract The application of semantic technologies to the integration of biological data and the interoperability of bioinformatics analysis and visualization tools has been the common theme of a series of ...
    • Biological conversion assay using Clostridium phytofermentans to estimate plant feedstock quality 

      Lee, Scott J; Warnick, Thomas A; Pattathil, Sivakumar; Alvelo-Maurosa, Jesús G; Serapiglia, Michelle J; McCormick, Heather; Brown, Virginia; Young, Naomi F; Schnell, Danny J; Smart, Lawrence B; Hahn, Michael G; Pedersen, Jeffrey F; Leschine, Susan B; Hazen, Samuel P (2012-02-08)
      Abstract Background There is currently considerable interest in developing renewable sources of energy. One strategy is the biological conversion of plant biomass to liquid transportation fuel. Several technical hurdles ...
    • Biomechanical Effects Of A Single- Versus Multi-Radius Total Knee Arthroplasty Design On Bilateral Arthoplasty Patients During the Sit-To-Stand 

      Wang, He; Simpson, Kathy J; Chamnongkich, Samatchai; Kinsey, Tracy; Mahoney, Ormonde M (2008-08-13)
      Abstract Background Compared to the design of a traditional multi-radius (MR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the single-radius (SR) ...
    • Biomechanical evaluation of bone screw fixation with a novel bone cement 

      Juvonen, Tiina; Nuutinen, Juha-Pekka; Koistinen, Arto P; Kröger, Heikki; Lappalainen, Reijo (2015-07-30)
      Abstract Background Bone cement augmentation is commonly used to improve the fixation stability of orthopaedic implants in osteoporotic bone. The aim of this study was to ...
    • Biosynthesis of caffeic acid in Escherichia coli using its endogenous hydroxylase complex 

      Lin, Yuheng; Yan, Yajun (2012-04-04)
      Abstract Background Caffeic acid (3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid) is a natural phenolic compound derived from the plant phenylpropanoid pathway. Caffeic acid and its phenethyl ...
    • Biosynthesis of caffeic acid in Escherichia coli using its endogenous hydroxylase complex 

      Lin, Yuheng; Yan, Yajun (2012-04-04)
      Abstract Background Caffeic acid (3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid) is a natural phenolic compound derived from the plant phenylpropanoid pathway. Caffeic acid and its phenethyl ester (CAPE) have attracted increasing attention ...
    • Blockade of bone morphogenetic protein signaling potentiates the pro-inflammatory phenotype induced by interleukin-17 and tumor necrosis factor-α combination in rheumatoid synoviocytes 

      Varas, Alberto; Valencia, Jaris; Lavocat, Fabien; Martínez, Víctor G; Thiam, Ndiémé N; Hidalgo, Laura; Fernández-Sevilla, Lidia M; Sacedón, Rosa; Vicente, Angeles; Miossec, Pierre (2015-07-28)
      Abstract Introduction Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are multifunctional secreted growth factors regulating a broad spectrum of functions in numerous systems. An increased ...
    • Blood feeding patterns of mosquitoes: random or structured? 

      Chaves, Luis F; Harrington, Laura C; Keogh, Carolyn L; Nguyen, Andy M; Kitron, Uriel D (2010-01-21)
      Abstract Background The foraging behavior of blood-sucking arthropods is the defining biological event shaping the transmission ...
    • Blood flow response to a postural challenge in older men and women 

      Castellano, Vanessa; Olive, Jennifer L; Stoner, Lee; Black, Chris; McCully, Kevin K (2004-01-16)
      Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to measure blood flow in the carotid and femoral arteries, heart rate and blood ...