Economic impact of landscape services in four selected urban counties
McKissick, John C.
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Landscape service businesses are primarily engaged in providing landscape care that includes maintenance and installation of lawns, shrubs, plants, trees, or gardens. An urban Atlanta area consisting of Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton, and Gwinnett Counties have landscape service sales totaling $836.1 million in 2005. Landscape services in each urban county create annual economic impacts within the local economy. Indirect impacts occur as landscaping businesses purchase green industry products, fuel, fertilizers, pesticides, equipment, and supplies. Total direct output impact in the four counties is equal to the value of aggregate sales. Total direct labor income of $363.5 million for 15,420 employees is the aggregate landscape service firm expense for wages and benefits. Indirect economic activity of $558.8 million leads to a total output impact of $1.4 billion in the four urban counties. Total labor income impact is $561.1 million for 20,969 jobs which averages $26,757 per job. State and local taxes generated due to economic activity in the four counties associated with landscape services total of $66.2 million.