**This publication is currently undergoing major revisions. All plants on the GA-EPPC invasive plant list have been removed from the original version of this publication.**

UGA Cooperative Extension

Landscape Plants for Georgia

front 
cover

James T. Midcap, Department of Horticulture
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences

Neal Weatherly, Jr.
School of Environmental Design

Revised by Matthew Chappell, Department of Horticulture
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences

Contents

Definitions of Terms Used
Plant Hardiness Zones
Vines and Their Characteristics
Ground Covers and Their Characteristics
Ornamental Grasses and Their Characteristics
Symbolic Forms of Shrubs
Small Shrubs and Their Characteristics
Medium Shrubs and Their Characteristics
Large Shrubs and Their Characteristics
Symbolic Forms of Trees
Small Trees and Their Characteristics
Large Trees and Their Characteristics

 

Landscape Plants for Georgia is an effort to compile a list of good plants organized into various sizes and groups. It does not list all available plant materials but rather brings together the best possible groupings according to the principles and requirements of good landscape design and plant maintenance. It is not possible to offer pictures of the plants. Many publications, books and web sites, however, have good plant pictures.

The design qualities of plants -- their form, size, color and texture -- are of major emphasis. Hardiness and disease and insect resistant qualities are also considered when selecting good landscape plants.

Definitions of Terms Used

Class: For identification, plants are divided into three major classes or groups: evergreen conifers, broad-leaved evergreens and deciduous plants.

Conifer: Most conifers are cone-bearing and have needle-like foliage. Examples are pine and cedar.

Deciduous: A deciduous plant sheds its foliage in the fall or winter. Flowering dogwood, maple and spirea are examples.

Botanical Name: This refers to the scientific name recognized the world over. Cornus florida is the botanical name of flowering dogwood. Botanical names are listed according to Index of Garden Plants by Mark Griffiths, 1994, Timber Press.

Broad-leaved Evergreen: This refers to broad-leaved plants that retain foliage the entire year. Examples are boxwood and camellia.

Common Name: Common plant names may vary from region to region. For this reason scientific names are included in this publication to establish the true identity of the plant.

Texture: Plant foliage is usually defined as being fine-, medium-, or coarse-textured, depending upon the size, density and arrangement of its leaves. Southern magnolia is an example of coarse foliage texture.

Form: Form refers to the shape or general outline of the plant. Boxwood has a rounded form. Pyracantha is irregular.

Normal Georgia Height: Due to environmental conditions, such as variations in soil, temperature, fertility and moisture, exact growing heights of plants cannot be established. "Normal Georgia Height" is a term used to designate average size after reasonable maturity. It is intended for use only as a guide.

Specimen: This is a plant with desirable form, foliage, fruit or flower that can be separated from other plants to emphasize its desirable characters.

Georgia's Hardy Zones: The plant hardiness zones used in this publication (see map) denote areas in the state where a plant has the best chance of survival and growth. The zones are based on the average minimum temperature the plant will tolerate. The numbers and letters in parentheses are the zone designations used in the reference publication. Source of this information is the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, Miscellaneous Publication No. 1475, Agricultural Research Service, 1990.

Plant Hardiness Zones for Georgia

plant hardiness zone map

 

Range of average annual minimum temperatures for each zone
-
Zone Range in degrees F
6b -5 to 0
7a 0 to 5
7b 5 to 10
8a 10 to 15
8b 15 to 20

 

Vines . . .

Vines have many uses in the landscape. They may be used to soften unattractive walls and fences or to create exciting shadow patterns on blank surfaces. Many are desirable because of their evergreen foliage. Some have attractive flowers and/or berries to brighten or accent a landscape feature or attract wildlife. Vines provide attractive screening and privacy when used on trellises and fences.

As a general rule, residential building lots are becoming smaller, and appropriate plant material must be selected if the valuable space is to be used to best advantage. This class of plants is very useful in small gardens where planting space is limited.

vines

 

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name and
COMMON NAME
Georgia's
Hardy Zone
Texture Growth
Rate
Class Remarks
-
Antigonon leptopus 8 medium to coarse fast deciduous Blooms in late summer with coral-pink flowers.
CORAL VINE
-
Bignonia capreolata entire state medium fast evergreen Red, orange or yellow spring flowers.
CROSS VINE*
Clematis armandii
ARMAND CLEMATIS
7,8 coarse medium to fast broad-leaved evergreen Large glossy leaves, fragrant white spring flowers.
-
Clematis x jackmanii 6b, 7 fine medium deciduous Large purple flowers.
JACKMAN CLEMATIS
-
Clematis terniflora entire state medium medium to fast deciduous Fragrant white flowers in late summer.
SWEETAUTUMN CLEMATIS
-
x Fatshedra lizei 7b, 8 coarse medium slow broad-leaved evergreen Semi-climbing shrub or vine. Needs support.
FATSHEDRA
-
Ficus pumila 8 fine slow to medium broad-leaved evergreen Clings close to wall.
CLIMBING FIG
-
Gelsemium rankinii entire state fine medium broad-leaved evergreen Yellow, trumpet flowers spring and fall.
SWAMP JESSAMINE*
-
Gelsemium sempervirens entire state fine medium broad-leaved evergreen Yellow, trumpet-like flowers in spring. Hardy, one of our best vines.
CAROLINA YELLOW JESSAMINE*
-
Hedera canarienseis 8 coarse medium broad-leaved evergreen Very coarse foliage. Sun or semi-shade.
ALGERIAN IVY
-
Lonicera x heckrottii entire state medium slow to medium semi-evergreen Coral-red flowers in summer.
GOLDFLAME HONEYSUCKLE
-
Lonicera sempervirens entire state medium slow to medium deciduous Red, Orange to yellow spring flowers.
TRUMPET HONEYSUCKLE*
Parthenocissus quinquefolia entire state coarse medium deciduous Large palmately compound leaves. Good red fall color. Can become invasive.
VIRGINIA CREEPER*
-
Parthenocissus tricuspidata entire state coarse medium deciduous Lustrous three lobed leaves with good red fall color.
BOSTON IVY
-
Rosa banksiae 'Lutea' 7b, 8 fine fast semi-evergreen Yellow double flowers.
LADY BANKSROSE
-
-
Rosa species entire state fine to medium fast deciduous Numerous varieties and colors. Subject to disease and insects.
CLIMBING ROSES
-
Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis entire state fine slow broad-leaved evergreen Bright green foliage for shady sites.
SWEETBOX
-
Smilax lanceolata entire state medium fast broad-leaved evergreen Bright green foliage for cutting.
LANCELEAF GREENBRIER*
-
Trachelospermum asiaticum 7b, 8 fine medium broad-leaved evergreen Foliage similar to Vinca minor.
ASIATIC JASMINE
-
Trachelospermum jasminoides 8 medium medium broad-leaved evergreen Good foliage. White fragrant flowers in spring. Variegated form available.
STAR or CONFEDERATE JASMINE
-
Wisteria frutescens entire state medium fast deciduous Lilac purple late spring flowers. More restrained than others.
AMERICAN WISTERIA*
-
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.


Ground Covers . . .

Ground covers are very versatile. In addition to sunny open locations, selected ground covers are especially useful on steep slopes and densely shaded areas where other plants are more difficult to establish and maintain. Many ground covers are excellent for preventing soil erosion; while others are helpful in carrying out design patterns. Evergreen ground covers are particularly useful in establishing both formal and informal designs in residential and public landscapes. Ground cover plants are usually more satisfactory in narrow planters than shrubs.

Ground cover usually ranges from a few inches to a foot or more in height. In the evergreen class, English ivy and common periwinkle have rich green foliage, making them particularly valuable in landscape design. Several of the recommended plants have attractive seasonal flowers. Certain ground covers may become invasive once they become established and require heavy maintenance to keep them in bounds. Ground covers are often cites as being low maintenance. However, they all require some maintenance such as weeding, pruning or fertilization to look their best.

ground covers

 

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name and COMMON NAME Georgia's
Hardy Zone
Exposure Texture Normal GA Height Growth
Rate
Class Remarks
Ajuga reptans entire state semi-shade medium 2-4" medium to fast evergreen Needs good drainage. Blue or white flowers.
CARPET BUGLE
-
Ardisia japonica 8b semi-shade medium 8-12" slow evergreen Excellent evergreen ground cover.
JAPANESE ARDISIA
-
Aspidistra elatior 7b, 8 shade coarse 18-24" medium evergreen Drought tolerant, bold texture.
CAST IRON PLANT
-
Dryopteris ludovichiana entire state shade fine 24-36" medium deciduous Mass plantings, good green filler with fine texture.
SOUTHERN SHIELD FERN
-
Cotoneaster species SEE SMALL SHRUBS
GROUNDCOVER COTONEASTER
-
Cyrtomiun falcatum 8b semi-shade to shade coarse 1-2' medium evergreen Dark green foliage.
HOLLY FERN
-
Festuca ovina var. glauca 6b, 7a prefers some shade fine 6-8" slow evergreen ornamental grass Best with irrigation.
BLUE FESCUE
-
Gardenia augusta 'Radicans' 7b, 8 sun to semi-shade fine 18-24" slow evergreen Small, white, fragrant flowers in summer.
CREEPING GARDENIA
-
Hedera canariensis 8 shade to sun coarse 6-8" slow to medium evergreen Good groundcover.
ALGERIAN IVY
-
Helleborus orientalis
LENTEN ROSE
6, 7 semi-shade to shade coarse 12-15" slow to medium evergreen White to rose colored flowers in January and February.
-
Hemerocallis species entire state sun to semi-shade medium 2-3' medium to fast deciduous to evergreen Very hardy. Numerous flower colors.
DAYLILY
-
Hypericum calycium 6b, 7 sun to semi-shade medium 8-12" medium to fast semi-evergreen Yellow flowers in summer.
AARON'S BEARD ST. JOHNSWORT
-
Iberis sempervirens 6b, 7 sun to semi-shade fine 6-8" medium evergreen White flowers in spring.
EVERGREEN CANDYTUFT
Juniperus chinensis var. sargentii entire state sun fine 18-24" medium evergreen conifer Very hardy. Good winter color. Needs good drainage.
SARGENT JUNIPER
Juniperus conferta entire state sun fine 18-24" medium evergreen conifer Hardy to sandy shore.
SHORE JUNIPER
Juniperus conferta entire state sun fine 10-12" medium evergreen conifer Blue-gray foliage. Short vertical stems.

'Blue Pacific'
BLUE PACIFIC JUNIPER

Juniperus conferta entire state sun fine 10-12" medium evergreen conifer Bright green foliage. Compact.
'Emerald Sea'
EMERALD SEA JUNIPER
Juniperus davurica 'Expansa' entire state sun fine 18-24" medium to fast evergreen conifer Very hardy. Good winter color.
PARSONS JUNIPER
Juniperus horizontalis 'Plumosa Compacta' entire state sun fine 1-2' slow evergreen conifer Denser, more compact than Andorra.
ANDORRA COMPACTA JUNIPER
Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltoni' entire state sun fine 4-6" medium evergreen conifer Hugs ground.
BLUE RUG JUNIPER
Juniperius procumbens entire state sun fine 1-2' slow evergreen conifer Handsome in beds, terraces and slopes.
JAP GARDEN JUNIPER
Juniperius procumbens 'Nana' entire state sun fine 6-8" very slow evergreen conifer Only spreading juniper suitable for restricted spaces.
DWARF JAP GARDEN JUNIPER
Ophiopogon japonicus 7, 8 semi-shade to shade medium 8-12" medium evergreen Hardy, makes dense mat.
DWARF LILYTURF or MONDO GRASS
Ophiopogon japonicus 'Nana' DWARF MONDO GRASS 7, 8 semi-shade to shade medium 3" slow evergreen Dwarf form.
Pachysandra terminalis 6b, 7a shade medium 6-12" medium evergreen Requires moist shade in heat.
PACHYSANDRA
Phlox subulata entire state sun fine 4-8" medium to fast evergreen Rose, white, lilac flowers.
MOSS PHLOX or THRIFT*
Santolina chamaecyparissus entire state sun fine 1-2' medium evergreen Good for hot, dry sites. Gray foliage, yellow-orange flowers.
LAVENDER COTTON
Santolina virens entire state sun fine 1-2' medium evergreen Good for hot, dry sites. Green foliage, orange flowers.
GREEN LAVENDER COTTON
Saxifraga stolonifera 7b, 8 shade fine 4-6" medium evergreen White flowers in summer.
STRAWBERRY GERANIUM
Trachelospermum asiaticum 7b, 8 sun to semi-shade fine 4-6" medium evergreen Excellent groundcover.
ASIATIC JASMINE
-
Yucca filamentosa ADAM'S NEEDLE or BEARGRASS* entire state sun coarse 2-3' slow evergreen White flower spikes in summer.
-
Zamia integrifolia COONTIE PALM* 8b sun to shade coarse 2-3' slow evergreen cycad Accent plant, native groundcover.
-
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table
** Can be grown in full sun in North Georgia with proper care. Should have partial shade or irrigation in South Georgia.

 

Ornamental Grasses . . .

Ornamental grasses, long popular in certain European countries, are experiencing a rise in popularity among the southern gardeners. Grasses adapted to landscape plantings fall primarily into two categories: 1) the perennial grasses which with just a few exceptions, are large-growing, clump-type grasses; and 2) the annual grasses, utilized most often accents or drifts in the herbaceous border.

All of the grasses listed in this section are perennials except for two of the fountain grasses which are annuals. Except for the Blue Fescue (Festuca ovina glauca), a ground cover, all of the ornamental grasses are listed in this section.

Pampas grass is the most widely recognized ornamental grass. Pampas and the other selections in the ornamental group are used as specimen or accent plants, for contrast in shrub borders or herbaceous borders and for informal mass plantings.

All grasses die back to the ground in winter; consequently, all will need to be cut back to the ground before new growth emerges in spring. Despite this limitation, the taller-growing plants in this group make excellent seasonal screens and informal hedges. If properly handled, the flower or panicle portion of several selections make excellent material for dried arrangements.

ornamental grasses

 

...and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name and COMMON NAME Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Height Spread Panicle Length Exposure Landscape Remarks Cultural Remarks
Chasmanthium latifolium entire state fine 30-36" 18-24" 8" sun to light shade Very attractive seed heads. Can become invasive. Will tolerate wet feet. Self sows. Shade for Zone 8.
UPLAND SEA OATS*
-
Cortaderia selloana 7b, 8 fine to medium 7-8' 5-6' 20" sun Male and female plants. Female has fuller plumes. Most drought tolerant.
PAMPAS GRASS
-
Cortaderia selloana 'Nana' entire state medium 3' 3-4' 2' sun White female plumes. Very cold hardy.
DWARF PAMPAS GRASS
-
Elymus glaucus entire state medium 4-5' 3-4' 10" sun Bluish-gray foliage. Spreads slowly by rhizomes.
BLUE WILD RYE
-
-
Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Sky' entire state fine 4-5' 3' 12" sun Outstanding blue foliage on arching plant. Golden fall foliage.
PRAIRIE SKY SWITCH GRASS
-
Pennisetum alopecuroides entire state fine 24-30" 2' 3" sun Plumes less showy than annual species. Good companion for perennials.
DWARF FOUNTAIN GRASS
-
Pennisetum setaceum an
annual
fine 4-41/2' 4' 12" sun Rose colored foliage and panicles.-
-
Must replant every year.
FOUNTAIN GRASS
Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum' an
annual
fine 4-41/2' 4' 12" sun Crimson or burgundy foliage and panicles. Must replant every year.
CRIMSON FOUNTAIN GRASS
-
Pennisetum villosum 7b, 8 fine 2-3' 2' 3" sun Showy creamy panicles. Even with dead heading, blooms once per year.
FEATHERTOP GRASS
-
Sacchaarum ravennae entire state medium to coarse 8-9' 3-4' 20" sun Robust plant. Clump forming. Divide every 3-4 years.
RAVENNA GRASS (HARDY PAMPAS)
-
++ All Miscanthus have a very prominent white midrib.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

Shrubs . . . Their Symbolic Forms

shrub 
oval round 
shrub
-
irregular shrub spreading shrub
-
weeping shrub upright 
shrub

 

Small Shrubs - 1 to 5 Feet . . .

Contemporary homes seldom have any discernible foundation, consequently fewer tall-growing shrubs are needed. More of the plants selected for the base of this type of residence should come from these small shrubs. Small shrubs are also very useful in guarding against overcrowding and overgrowth. Many plants in this size range are also desirable for their mass foliage and/or flowering effects. In addition, they are valuable in small lots where ground space is at a premium.

The 1- to 2-foot size shrubs are particularly well suited for raised planters. The smaller, compact growing species are often used to stabilize design lines in formal gardens and for edging walks and plant beds.

Plants in the upper range of this class that reach 4 or 5 feet in height form an effective background for perennials and annuals.

small shrubs

 

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name and COMMON NAME Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Normal GA Height Growth Rate Exposure Class Remarks
Abelia x 'Edward Goucher' entire state fine irregular to oval 4-5' slow sun, semi-shade semi-evergreen Lilac-pink flowers.
EDWARD GOUCHER ABELIA
-
Abelia x grandiflora 'Sherwoodii' entire state fine irregular to spreading 2-3' slow sun, semi-shade semi-evergreen White flowers
SHERWOOD DWARF ABELIA
-
Aucuba japonica 'Nana' entire state coarse oval 3-4' slow shade, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Attractive foliage and berries.
DWARF AUCUBA
-
Buxus microphylla var. japonica 7,8 fine rounded 3-5' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Good color and easy to maintain.
JAPANESE BOXWOOD
-
Buxus microphylla var. koreana 6b, 7 fine rounded 2-3' slow semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Very hardy, useful for low hedges.
KOREAN BOXWOOD
-
Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 6b, 7 fine rounded 2-4' very slow semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Will grow large with age.
TRUE DWARF BOXWOOD
-
Camellia hiemalis 7b, 8 medium spreading

compact

3-5' very slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Foliage very similar to Sasanqua.
DWARF SASANQUA
-
Cultivars Including Cultivar Flower Flower Form
Shi Shi Gashira
(Beni-Kan-Tsubaki)
Red Double-formal to rose form More compact.
Showa-No-Sakae
(Usubeni)
Soft Pink Semi-double to double rose form Suitable for espaliering.
-
Cephlotaxus harringtonia var. drupacea entire state medium to fine spreading 2-3' medium sun, semi-shade evergreen conifer Vase-shaped. Shade in Zone 8.
JAPANESE PLUM YEW
-
Cephlotaxus harringtonia 'Fastigiata' entire state medium to fine upright 3-5' slow sun, semi-shade conifer Accent for restricted spaces. Shade in Zone 8.
UPRIGHT PLUM YEW
-
Cephlotaxus harringtonia 'Prostrata' entire state medium to fine spreading 2-4" medium sun, semi-shade evergreen conifer Prostrate in habit. Shade in Zone 8.
SPREADING PLUM YEW
-
Chaenomeles japonica entire state medium oval 30-36" slow sun deciduous Orange or scarlet red flowers in spring
JAPANESE FLOWERING QUINCE
-
Chamaerops humilis 8b coarse upright-clumping 2-4' slow sun, semi-shade evergreen palm Multi-trunk due to suckers.
EUROPEAN FAN PALM
-
Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird' 6b, 7 fine upright spreading 2-3' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous White fragrant flowers in mid summer.
HUMMINGBIRD SUMMERSWEET*
-
Cotoneaster dammeri 6b, 7 fine spreading 12-18" medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Some cultivars reach 4' tall. Susceptible to mites.
BEARBERRY COTONEASTER
-
Cotoneaster horizontalis 6b, 7 fine spreading 2-3' medium sun semi-evergreen Fishbone branching pattern. Susceptible to mites.
ROCKSPRAY COTONEASTER
-
Daphne odora 7, 8 fine to medium rounded 3-4' slow semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Flowers in winter. Temperamental plant.
WINTER DAPHNE
-
Deutzia gracilis 6b, 7 medium to fine rounded 3-4' slow sun, semi-shade deciduous Very hardy with pale green foliage.
SLENDER DEUTZIA
-
Fothergilla gardenii
'Mt. Airy'
entire state medium rounded 4-5' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Abundant white spring flowers, great fall color.
MT. AIRY FOTHERGILLA*
-
Gardenia augusta 'Radicans' 7b, 8 fine spreading 18-24" slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Fragrant white flowers.
CREEPING GARDENIA
-
Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle' 6b, 7 coarse rounded 3-5' medium semi-shade, shade deciduous Large heads of white flowers in early summer.
ANNABELLE HYDRANGEA
-
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Pia' entire state coarse rounded 2-3' slow semi-shade deciduous A true dwarf with heavy flowering.
PIA FRENCH HYDRANGEA
-
Ilex vomitoria 'Nana' 7, 8 fine rounded 3-5' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hardy tough shrub. New growth green.
DWARF YAUPON HOLLY*
-
Ilex vomitoria 'Schillings' 7, 8 fine rounded to spreading 3-4' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen New growth red.
SCHILLINGS DWARF YAUPON *
-
Ilex vomitoria Bordeaux(TM) 7, 8 fine rounded 3-4' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen New growth on branch tips is red.
BORDEAUX DWARF YAUPON *
-
Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet' entire state medium rounded 3-4' medium sun semi-evergreen Great fall color, tolerates moist sites.
HENRY'S GARNET SWEETSPIRE*
-
Jasminum floridum 7, 8 fine weeping 3-5' slow to medium sun semi-evergreen Yellow flowers in spring.
SHOWY JASMINE
-
Jasminum nudiflorum entire state fine weeping 3-4' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Yellow flowers late winter. Tenacious shrub.
WINTER JASMINE
-
Juniperus species SEE GROUND COVERS
SPREADING JUNIPERS
-
Leucothoe axillaris entire state medium to coarse weeping to irregular 3-4' slow to medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Good drainage on moist locations required.
COASTAL LEUCOTHOE*
-
Leucothoe fontanesiana 6b, 7 medium to coarse weeping to irregular 3-4' slow semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic or small gardens with good drainage on moist sites.
DROOPING LEUCOTHOE*
-
Mahonia fortunei 8 medium upright 3-5' medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Graceful ever-green in well drained sites.
CHINESE MAHONIA
-
Nandina domestica 'Firepower' entire state fine to medium rounded 1-2' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Red fall color. Mass plantings.
FIREPOWER DWARF NANDINA
-
Nandina domestica 'Harbour Dwarf' entire state fine spreading 2-3' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Spreads by rhizomes.
HARBOUR DWARF NANDINA
-
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Rotundifolius' 7, 8 fine rounded 4-5' very slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen for restricted spaces.
LITTLE LEAF TEA OLIVE
-
Pinus mugo var. mugo 6b, 7 fine rounded 3-5' slow sun evergreen conifer Use grafted plants only for dwarf form.
MUGO PINE
-
Pittosporum tobira 'Wheeler's Dwarf' 8 medium rounded 2-3' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass plantings or low borders.
WHEELER DWARF PITTOSPORUM
-
Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken' 6b, 7 medium rounded 3-4' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass plantings.
OTTO LUYKEN LAUREL
-
Prunus laurocerasus 'Schipkaensis' 6b, 7 medium rounded 4-5' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic or mass.
SCHIP LAUREL
-
Punica granatum var. nana 7b, 8 fine upright-irregular 3-4' slow sun deciduous Red-orange flowers and fruits.
DWARF POMEGRANATE
-
Rhaphiolepis spp.
INDIAN HAWTHORN
7b, 8 medium spreading to rounded 2-5' slow sun broad-leaved evergreen Glossy foliage, white or pink flowers. Questionable hardiness in Zone 7.
-
Cultivars including Cultivar Flower Height
'Clara' White 3-4'
'Eleanor Taber' TM Pink
'Georgia Charm' White 3-4'
'Georgia Petite' Light Pink 2-3'
'Olivia' White 4-5'
'Snow White' White 2-3'
-
Rhododendron GLEN DALE HYBRID AZALEAS entire state fine upright-spreading 3-5' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass flowering effects.
Cultivars include several hundred which offer great range in color and blooming season.
-
GUMPO AZALEAS 7, 8 fine spreading 10-12" slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Late season, large, white or pink flowers.
-
KURUME AZALEAS entire state fine rounded 3-5' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass flowering effects.
-
Cultivars Including Cultivar Flower Cultivar Flower
'Christmas Cheer' Brilliant Red 'Hino Crimson' Red
'Coral Bells' Shell Pink 'Hinodegiri' Vivid Red
'Flame' Orange Red 'Mothers Day' Red
'Hershey Red' Bright Red 'Pink Pearl' Salmon Rose
'Hexe' Red 'Salmon Beauty' Salmon Pink
-
GIRARD HYBRID AZALEAS entire state fine rounded to spreading 3-5' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Cold hardy and striking flower color.
-
Rosa (Floribunda) entire state medium rounded 2-4' slow to medium sun deciduous Mass flowering effects.
FLORIBUNDA ROSE
-
Rosmarinus officinalis entire state fine irregular 3-4' slow to medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Grayish foliage. Requires well drained soils.
ROSEMARY
-
Ruscus aculeatus entire state fine irregular 2-3' slow sun broad-leaved evergreen Specimen accent in low border.
BUTCHER'S - BROOM
-
Santolina species SEE GROUND COVERS
LAVENDER COTTON
-
Spiraea thunbergii entire state fine irregular 3-4' medium sun deciduous Masses, borders.
THUNBERG SPIREA
-
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

 

Medium Shrubs - 5 to 8 Feet . . .

Shrubs in this size range are most useful for hedges, screening and backgrounds, for large scale foundation plantings and large mass plantings. Some species have enough good qualities to serve as specimen plants.

A number of the better flowering and berry-producing shrubs fall within this medium size range. When planted in groups, some these flowering shrubs are particularly useful for seasonal highlights.

Many plants are grown for foliage rather than for flowers. Variations in foliage color range from glossy green to light gray. Be mindful that plants having variegated leaves are somewhat difficult to harmonize with other plants.

medium
 shrubs

 

. . . and Their Characteristics

Botanical Name and COMMON NAME Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Normal Ga Height Growth Rate Exposure Class Remarks
Abelia x grandiflora entire state fine to medium rounded 5-6' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hedge plant.
GLOSSY ABELIA
-
Aucuba japonica entire state coarse upright 6-8' medium to fast semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Green and variegated foliage.
JAPANESE AUCUBA
-
Berberis julianae entire state medium oval 5-6' slow to medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Rich green foliage, thorns.
WINTERGREEN BARBERRY
-
Buddleia davidii
BUTTERFLY BUSH
entire state fine to medium rounded 6-8' medium sun deciduous Fragrant summer flowers attract butterflies.
-
Buxus sempervirens 6b, 7 fine to medium rounded 5-8' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Useful in formal paintings.
COMMON BOXWOOD
-
Callistemon citrinus 8b fine irregular 6-8' medium to fast sun broad-leaved evergreen Flowers very showy.
CRIMSON BOTTLEBRUSH
-
Calycanthus floridus entire state coarse rounded 5-6' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Fragrant flowers.
SWEET SHRUB*
-
Chaenomeles speciosa entire state medium upright rounded 5-8' slow sun, semi-shade deciduous White, pink to red flowers.
FLOWERING QUINCE
-
Clethra alnifolia 'Ruby Spice' 6b, 7 medium rounded 4-8' slow to medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Pink fragrant flowers, moist soils.
RUBY SPICE SUMMERSWEET
-
Cycas revoluta 8 fine upright 4-6' very slow sun, semi-shade evergreen cycad Single or multi-trunk specimens.
SAGO PALM
-
Fatsia japonica 8 coarse irregular 4-8' medium to fast semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen. Zone 7 with protection.
JAPANESE FATSIA
-
Forsythia x intermedia entire state medium irregular 5-8' fast sun deciduous Yellow spring flowers.
BORDER FORSYTHIA
-
Gardenia jasminoides 7b, 8 medium rounded 4-6' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Fragrant white flowers.
CAPE JASMINE
-
Hydrangea macrophylla entire state coarse rounded 4-6' medium semi-shade deciduous Red, pink, blue and white flowering types.
FRENCH HYDRANGEA
-
Hydrangea paniculata 'Grandiflora' 6b, 7 coarse rounded 8-15' medium sun deciduous Flowers open white, turn pink, then bronze.
PEE GEE HYDRANGEA
-
Ilex cornuta 'Dwarf Burford' 7, 8 medium to coarse rounded 5-8' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Foundations. Glossy foliage.
DWARF BURFORD HOLLY
-
Ilex crenata 'Hetzii' 7 medium rounded 6-8' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Dark green foliage.
HETZ HOLLY
-
Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' entire state medium upright 6-8' medium sun, semi-shade braod leaved evergreen Narrow and strongly upright.
SKY PENCIL HOLLY
-
Ilex glabra 'Nigra'
NIGRA INKBERRY*
entire state medium rounded 5-6' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, naturalistic areas and wet sites.
-
Juniper chinensis 'Pfitzeriana' entire state medium spreading 5-6' medium sun evergreen conifer Mass planting sunny slopes.
PFITZER JUNIPER
-
Kalmia latifolia 6b, 7 medium upright 5-8' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic gardens.
MOUNTAIN LAUREL*
-
Lagerstroemia x 'Tonto' entire state medium upright 6-10' medium sun deciduous Red flowering specimen or border shrub.
TONTO CRAPEMYRTLE
-
Lagerstroemia indica 'Victor' entire state medium upright 4-6' medium sun deciduous Compact form with dark red flowers in July.
VICTOR CRAPEMYRTLE
-
Lonicera nitida 6b, 7 fine to medium rounded 5-6' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Attractive foliage.
BOX LEAF HONEYSUCKLE
-
Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Ruby' 7, 8 fine rounded 6-8' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Bright pink and spring bloom. New leaves ruby red.
RUBY FRINGE FLOWER
-
Myrica cerifera 'Fairfax' 7, 8 medium rounded 6-8' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Compact form with good foliage.
FAIRFAX WAXMYRTLE*
-
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Gulftide' 7, 8 fine rounded 6-8' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen or hedge.
GULFTIDE TEA-OLIVE
-
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Variegatus' 7, 8 fine rounded 6-8' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Leaf margins creamy white.
VARIEGATED FALSE HOLLY
-
Philadelphus x 'Natchez' 6b, 7 medium irregular 6-8' medium sun deciduous Large white flowers.
NATCHEZ MOCKORANGE
-
Pieris japonica 6b, 7 fine irregular 5-6' medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic. Sun possible in mountains.
JAPANESE PIERIS
-
Pyracantha koidzumii 'Low-Dense' 8 fine rounded 6-8' medium to fast sun broad-leaved evergreen Berries hidden by foliage.
LOW-DENSE PYRACANTHA
-
Rhaphiolepis umbellata
YEDDO HAWTHORN
7b, 8 medium to coarse upright to rounded 6-8' medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Nice texture and dark green foliage with spring flowers.
-
Rhododendron arborescens 6b, 7 medium upright to irregular 5-8' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Fragrant white to pink flowers.
SWEET AZALEA*
-
Rhododendron austrinum 7, 8 medium upright to irregular 6-8' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Fragrant yellow cream to orange flowers.
FLORIDA AZALEA*
-
Rhododendron calendulaceum 6b, 7 medium upright to rounded 5-8' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Flowers yellow to orange and scarlet.
FLAME AZALEA*
-
SOUTHERN INDIAN AZALEA 8 medium rounded to irregular 5-8' medium to fast semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass plantings, borders.
-
Cultivars including Cultivar Flower Cultivar Flower
'Elegans' Pink 'Iveryana' White to Rose
'Fielders White' White 'Judge Solomon' Pink
'Fisher Pink' Light Pink 'Lawsal' Salmon Pink
'Formosa' Purple 'President Clay' Red
'George Lindsey Tabor' Light Pink Effect 'Pride of Mobile' Deep Rose Pink
'G. G. Gerbing' White 'Southern Charm' Pink
-
Spiraea x vanhouttei 6b, 7 medium rounded 5-8' medium to fast sun deciduous Arching branches of mass white flowers.
VANHOUTTE SPIREA
-
Trachycarpus fortunei 7b, 8 coarse upright 6-8' very slow sun evergreen palm Specimen. Slender trunk with fibrous cover.
CHINESE or FORTUNES WINDMILL PALM
-
Viburnum x burkwoodi 6b, 7 coarse rounded 6-8' medium sun deciduous Fragrant white spring flowers.
BURKWOOD VIBURNUM
-
Viburnum suspensum 8 medium to coarse rounded 5-8' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Mass plantings. Borders.
SANDANKWA VIBURNUM
-
Weigela florida entire state coarse irregular 5-8' medium to fast sun deciduous Borders for spring flowers.
WEIGELA
-
Yucca gloriosa entire state coarse upright 6-8' slow sun broad-leaved evergreen Pale green spine tipped foliage.
MOUND-LILY YUCCA *
-
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.


Large Shrubs - 8 Feet and Up . . .

There are many excellent plants in the large shrub class which are particularly useful as heavy screening and hedging or as specimens because of their outstanding foliage, flower or fruit. Plants in this category have limited use as foundation plants because of their ultimate size.

Because of the ultimate size of several plants in this group, they are also listed in the "small trees" section that follows. Many times the actual use or pruning of a landscape plant determines whether it is classified as a large shrub or a small tree.

These plant adapt well for use in parks, public grounds and other large-scale landscape developments, but use them with caution in the restricted spaces of small landscapes.

large shrubs

 

. . . and Their Characteristics



Botanical Name and COMMON NAME Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Normal Ga Height Growth Rate Exposure Class Remarks
Acca sellowiana (Feijoa sellowiana) 8 medium rounded 8-10' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Grayish foliage. Hedges & borders.
PINEAPPLE GUAVA
Aesculus parviflora entire state coarse rounded 8-12' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Specimen, naturalistic settings.
BOTTLEBRUSH BUCKEYE*
Agarista populifolia* entire state coarse irregular 8-10' medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic settings.
FLORIDA LEUCOTHOE
Camellia japonica 7, 8 medium to coarse rounded to oval 8-15' slow to medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen.
JAPANESE CAMELLIA
Cultivars that produce cold hardy flower buds Cultivar Flower Color Cultivar Flower Color
'Adolphe Audusson Var.' Variegated 'Gulio Nuccio Var.' Variegated
'Are-jishi' Red 'High Hat' Pink
'Bernice Boddy' Pink 'Kumasaka' Pink
'Daikagura' Red 'Lady Clare' Pink
'Daikagura Var.' Variegated 'Magnoliaeflora' Pink
'Donckelari' Variegated 'Rev. John G. Drayton' Pink
'Dr. Tinsley' Pink 'Tricolor' Variegated
'Firebrand' Red 'Ville de Nantes' Variegated
'Flame' Red 'White Daikagura' White
'Gov. Mouton' Red 'White Empress' White
'Gulio Nuccio' Red
Camellia sasanqua 7, 8 medium irregular to upright 8-10' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Good foliage and flwers. Hedges, borders.
SASANQUA CAMELLIA
Sasanqua Cultivars Including Cultivar Flower Color Flower Form Plant Form
'Bettie Patricia' Light Pink Rose form, Double Upright to Spreading
'Bonanza' Deep Red Semi-Peony Compact Form
'Cleopatra' Rose Pink Semi-Double Compact to Spreading
'Cotton Candy' Pink Semi-Double, Large Loose, upright to Spreading
'Jean May' Shell Pink Semi-Double to Double, Large Upright to spreading
'Mine-No-Yuki' White Double, Large Irregular to Spreading
'Pink Snow' Light Pink Semi-Double, Large Irregular young, Compact Older Upright
'Setsugekka' White Semi-Double, Large Ruffled Petals Upright
'Sparkling Burgundy' Ruby Rose Peony Form, Large Irrregular to Spreading
'Yuletide' Red Single Upright
Camellia vernalis 7, 8 medium upright 8-10' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen 'Dawn' blooms Sept.-March.
VERNAL CAMELLIA
Chimonanthus praecox entire state coarse irregular 10-15' slow to medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Fragrant January flowers.
WINTERSWEET
Hamamelis x intermedia 6b, 7 coarse upright spreading 12-15' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Red to yellow, winter to spring flowering.
HYBRID WITCH HAZEL
Hamamelis virginiana entire state coarse irregular 12-15' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Naturalistic sites.
COMMON WITCH HAZEL*
Hydrangea paniculata 'Tardiva' entire state coarse upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Showy white flowers in late summer.
TARDIVA HYDRANGEA
Hydrangea quercifolia entire state coarse rounded 8-10' medium semi-shade deciduous Naturalistic. Large white flowers, wine red fall color.
OAKLEAF HYDRANGEA*
Ilex x 'Mary Nell' 7, 8 medium upright pyramid 10-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Glossy foliage with bright red fruits.
MARY NELL HOLLY
Ilex x 'Emily Bruner' 7, 8 medium pyramidal 12-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Dark foliage with large red berries.
EMILY BRUNER HOLLY
Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens' entire state coarse upright 10-20' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Dark foliage with large red berries.
NELLIE R. STEVENS HOLLY
Ilex x attenuata 'Fosteri' entire state medium upright pyramid 10-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen or hedges with red berries.
FOSTER'S HOLLY
Ilex cassine 7, 8 medium upright 10-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hedges, borders.
DAHOON HOLLY*
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'
BURFORD HOLLY
7, 8 coarse oval 8-12' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen or hedges with heavy red fruit.
Ilex cornuta 'Anicet Delcambre' 7,8 medium upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Excellent for screens and hedges.
NEEDLE POINT HOLLY
-
Ilex latifolia 7, 8 coarse upright pyramidal 10-20' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen or espalier with bold foliage.
LUSTERLEAF HOLLY
-
Ilex myrtifolia
MYRTLE HOLLY
7, 8 fine upright 10-12' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic. Berries red, orange or yellow.
-
Ilex vomitoria 7,8 fine upright 10-15' fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hedges, borders. Clipped effects.
YAUPON HOLLY*
Illicium parviflorum 7, 8 coarse upright 8-12' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Light green fragrant foliage.
SMALL ANISE-TREE*
Illicium floridanum 7, 8 coarse upright 8-10' medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Naturalistic.
FLORIDA ANISE*
Juniperus chinensis 'Torulosa' entire state fine upright- irregular 10-15' medium sun evergreen conifer Specimen.
HOLLYWOOD JUNIPER
Juniperus chinensis 'Robusta Green' entire state fine upright irregular 10-15' slow sun evergreen conifer Specimen.
ROBUSTA GREEN JUNIPER
Loropetalum chinese var. rubrum 7, 8 medium irregular, rounded 8-12' fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Bright pink spring flowers.
PINK CHINESE FRINGE FLOWER
Michelia figo 8 fine to medium rounded 10-12' slow sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Fragrant flowers.
BANANA SHRUB
Myrica cerifera
SOUTHERN WAXMYRTLE*
7, 8 medium upright rounded 15-20' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, hedges and screens.
Nerium oleander
OLEANDER
8 medium oval 8-12' medium sun broad-leaved evergreen Red, white and pink summer flowers. Poisonous plant.
Osmanthus americanus entire state medium upright 10-15' medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, naturalistic sites.
DEVILWOOD OSMANTHUS*
-
Osmanthus x fortunei 7, 8 medium rounded 10-15' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Tough border or specimen plant.
FORTUNE'S OSMANTHUS
Osmanthus fragrans 8 medium upright 10-15' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Fragrant, specimen.
SWEET OSMANTHUS or TEA OLIVE
Osmanthus heterophyllus 7, 8 medium rounded 8-10' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Foundations, hedges, borders.
HOLLY OSMANTHUS
Pittosporum tobira 8b medium rounded 8-12' medium to fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Glossy, green foliage.
TOBIRA PITTOSPORUM
Podocarpus macrophyllus 8 medium upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade evergreen conifer Foundations, hedges or borders.
SOUTHERN YEW, CHINESE PODOCARPUS
Podocarpus macrophyllus 'Maki' 8b medium upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade evergreen conifer Smaller leaves.
CHINESE PODOCARPUS
Punica granatum 8 fine to medium rounded 10-15' medium sun deciduous Specimen. Orange flowers.
POMEGRANATE
Pyracantha koidzumii 8 medium irregular 10-12' fast sun broad-leaved evergreen Large red berries.
FORMOSA FIRETHORN
Pyracantha x 'Mohave' 7, 8 medium upright 8-12' fast sun broad-leaved evergreen Masses of orange red fruit.
MOHAVE FIRETHORN
Rhododendron canescens entire state medium upright to irregular 8-12' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous White, pink to rose flowers.
PIEDMONT AZALEA*
Rhododendron prunifolium entire state medium upright to rounded 8-10' slow to medium semi-shade deciduous Flowers orange red in July and August.
PLUMLEAF AZALEA*
Rhododendron maximum 6b coarse irregular 10-15' medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Specimen.
ROSEBAY*
Rhododendron (Hybrids)
HYBRID RHODODENDRONS
6b, 7 coarse oval to rounded 8-10' medium semi-shade, shade broad-leaved evergreen Require excellent drainage. Use H-1 & H-2 hybrids.
Syringa vulgaris 6b, 7a coarse irregular 8-10' slow to medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Fragrant, lilac flowers.
COMMON LILAC
Ternstroemia gymnanthera (Cleyera japonica) 7b, 8 medium upright 8-15' slow to medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Glossy foliage.
JAPANASE CLEYERA
Viburnum awabuki 8 coarse upright 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Lustrous dark green foliage.
AWABUKI VIBURNUM
Viburnum odoratissimum 8 coarse rounded 10-15' fast sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, hedges.
SWEET VIBURNUM
Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' 6b, 7 coarse irregular 8-10' medium semi-shade deciduous Borders. "Snowball" flower clusters.
EUROPEAN SNOWBALL VIBURNUM
Viburnum plicatum var. tomentosum 6b, 7 medium rounded 8-15' medium sun, semi-shade deciduous Abundant snow white spring blooms.
DOUBLEFILE VIBURNUM
Viburnum x rhytidophyllum 6b, 7 coarse irregular 8-10' medium semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Dark green foliage. Borders.
LEATHERLEAF VIBURNUM
Viburnum tinus 8 medium upright 8-10' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Borders, screening.
LAURUSTINUS
Viburnum trilobum 6b, 7 coarse irregular 8-12' medium to fast sun, semi-shade deciduous Red fruit in fall.
AMERICAN CRANBERRY BUSH VIBURNUM
Yucca aloifolia entire state coarse upright 8-12' medium sun, semi-shade broad-leaved evergreen Hardy. White flowers.
SPANISH DAGGER*
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

Trees ... Their Symbolic Forms

columnar
 tree upright 
tree
Columnar Upright
-
oval 
tree rounded tree
Oval Rounded
-
spreading tree vase 
tree
Spreading Vase
-
pyrimidal tree weeping
 tree
Pyramidal Weeping

 

Small Trees - 10 to 40 Feet . . .

Small trees are important plants in a landscape since, with a minimum of maintenance, they provide outstanding foliage, flowers and fruits for gardens and public areas. Trees with interesting branching habits are often used as accents in the landscape. Some small evergreen trees provide good year round foliage. Some deciduous trees in this group provide good fall color.

Small trees have a place in landscape plans for small lots and houses. They provide proper scale for small areas where often one tree would serve more adequately than several shrubs. Several trees in this size group are good for high backgrounds and screening, providing a taller barrier than shrubs.

small trees

 

. . . and Their Characteristics



Botanical Name and COMMON NAME Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Height Spread Growth Rate Class Remarks
Acer buergerianum
TRIDENT MAPLE
entire state medium oval 20-35' 15-25' slow to medium deciduous Specimen or naturalistic sites. Tough tree for urban sites.
Acer palmatum entire state fine to medium horizontal branching 15-20' 10-15' medium deciduous Specimens with red or green foliage.
JAPANESE MAPLE
Amelanchier arborea
SERVICEBERRY*
6b, 7 medium oval 30-40' 15-20' medium deciduous Borders. White flowers in early spring.
Butia capitata 8 medium weeping 15-20' 10-15' medium evergreen palm Specimen.
PINDO PALM
Carpinus caroliniana entire state medium irregular 20-30' 15-20' slow deciduous Tough, urban tolerant tree. Wet site tolerant.
AMERICAN HORNBEAM*
Cedrus deodara 7, 8 medium pyramidal 30-50' 20-30' medium evergreen conifer Specimen, screening.
DEODAR CEDAR
Cercis canadensis entire state medium oval 20-30' 18-20' medium deciduous Spring flowering.
EASTERN REDBUD*
Cercis chinensis entire state medium oval 15-20' 10-12' medium deciduous Small spring flowering tree.
CHINESE REDBUD
Cercis reniformis 'Oklahoma' 7, 8 medium spreading 15-20' 15-20' medium deciduous Glossy foliage with rosy red spring flowers.
OKLAHOMA REDBUD
Chionanthus retusus entire state medium spreading 15-25' 10-15' medium deciduous Bright white spring flowers.
CHINESE FRINGE TREE
Chionanthus virginicus entire state coarse irregular 12-20' 10-15' slow to medium deciduous White spring flowers.
WHITE FRINGE TREE*
Cladrastis kentukea 6b, 7 coarse oval 25-30' 10-12' slow deciduous White flowers and yellow fall color. Specimen.
AMERICAN YELLOWWOOD
Cornus florida entire state medium horizontal branching 15-25' 15-20' slow deciduous Specimen or masses.
FLOWERING DOGWOOD*
Cornus kousa 6b, 7 medium horizontal branching 15-25' 15-20' slow deciduous Specimen or small grove.
KOUSA DOGWOOD
Crataegus phaenopyrum 6b, 7 medium upright to rounded 25-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Red berries in fall.
WASHINGTON HAWTHORNE
Eriobotrya japonica 8 coarse rounded 10-20' 10-15' medium to fast broad-leaved evergreen Dark green foliage with bold features.
LOQUAT
Halesia tetraptera 6b, 8a medium spreading 20-30' 15-20' medium deciduous White flowers.
SILVERBELL*
Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens' entire state medium to coarse upright 10-20' 8-10' medium to fast broad-leaved evergreen Specimen, screening.
NELLIE R. STEVENS HOLLY
Ilex x attenuata
HYBRID HOLLY
entire state medium to coarse upright pyramidal 10-40' 6-15' medium broad-leaved evergeen Specimen, screening. Red berries.
Cultivars Include Cultivar Remarks
'East Palatka' Leaves single spined
'Fosteri' Very pyramidal and dense
'Savannah' Light green foliage.
Ilex cassine 7, 8 medium pyramidal 10-20' 8-10' medium broad-leaved evergreen Screening.
CASSINE HOLLY*
Ilex opaca
AMERICAN HOLLY*
entire state coarse pyramidal 20-50' 15-30' medium broad-leaved evergreen Dark green foliage. Specimen, screening.
Ilex opaca 'Greenleaf' entire state coarse pyramidal upright 20-30' 10-15' medium broad-leaved evergreen Compact habit of growth.
GREENLEAF HOLLY
Ilex vomitoria 7, 8 fine irregular 15-20' 8-10' fast broad-leaved evergreen Screening with bright red fruit.
YAUPON HOLLY*
Ilex vomitoria 'Pendula' 7, 8 fine weeping 15-20' 8-10' medium to fast broad-leaved evergreen Distinctive weeping habit.
WEEPING YAUPON HOLLY*
Juniperus virginiana entire state medium pyramidal 25-40' 15-20' slow evergreen conifer Screen.
RED CEDAR*
Koelreuteria bipinnata 7, 8 medium upright 20-30' 15-20' fast deciduous Yellow flowers followed by pink pods.
CHINESE FLAMETREE
Koelreuteria paniculata 6b, 8a fine rounded 20-30' 10-15' medium deciduous Yellow flowers in early summer.
GOLDENRAIN TREE
Lagerstroemia indica
COMMON CRAPEMYRTLE
entire state fine upright 6-30' 4-15' medium to fast deciduous White, pink, lavender or red flowers. Powdery mildew and aphids may become a problem.
Lagerstroemia indica x L. fauriei
HYBRID CRAPEMYRTLE
entire state fine upright 15-30' 10-15' fast deciduous White, pink, lavender or red flowers. Hybrids have mildew resistance and bloom longer.
Magnolia grandiflora 7, 8 medium upright 15-20' 8-10' medium evergreen Dark green evergreen foliage on compact plant.
'Little Gem'
LITTLE GEM SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA
Magnolia soulangiana entire state coarse rounded 20-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Pink saucer-like blooms.
JAPANESE MAGNOLIA
Magnolia stellata entire state coarse rounded 12-20' 10-15' slow to medium deciduous White flowers.
STAR MAGNOLIA
Magnolia virginiana 7, 8 coarse upright 15-20' 10-20' slow semi-evergreen White flowers in summer.
SWEETBAY MAGNOLIA*
Malus x 'Dolgo'
DOLGO CRABAPPLE
6b, 7 medium rounded 15-20' 10-15' medium deciduous White flowers followed by red to purple fruits. Disease resistant.
Malus floribunda
JAPANESE CRABAPPLE
6b, 7 medium rounded 15-20' 15-20' medium deciduous Pinkish-red flowers fading to white. Fruit yellow, red. Mostly disease resistant.
Malus 'Callaway'
CALLAWAY CRABAPPLE
6b, 7 medium rounded 15-20' 15-20' medium deciduous Pink buds, white flowers. Large 1" reddish fruit. Disease resistant.
Oxydendrum arboreum entire state medium to coarse upright 25-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Red fall color.
SOURWOOD*
Parkinsomia aculeata 8b fine spreading 15-20' 20-25' rapid deciduous Yellow flowers in spring and summer.
JERUSALEM-THORN
Phoenix canariensis 8b coarse upright 30-40' 12-18' medium evergreen palm Used as accent specimen.
CANARY DATE PALM
Pinus virginiana 6b, 7 medium pyramidal 20-40' 15-20' medium evergreen conifer Good for screening.
VIRGINIA PINE*
Pistacia chinensis
CHINESE PISTACHE
entire state fine rounded 30-40' 20-30' fast deciduous Yellow to bright orange-red fall color. Hardy and heat tolerant
Prunus x 'Okame' entire state medium upright 20-30' 15-20' fast deciduous Early spring rosy pink blooms.
OKAME CHERRY
Prunus caroliniana 7, 8 medium oval 20-30' 15-20' fast broad-leaved evergreen Susceptible to ice damage.
CAROLINA CHERRYLAUREL*
Prunus cerasifera 'Thundercloud' entire state medium upright 20-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Purplish foliage.
PURPLELEAF PLUM
Prunus mume entire state medium irregular 15-20' 10-15' slow deciduous Blooms very early in spring.
JAPANESE APRICOT
Prunus serralata 'Kwanzan' 6, 7 medium rounded 20-30' 15-20' medium deciduous Deep pink double blooms.
KWANZAN CHERRY
Prunus subhirtella var. autumnalis 6b, 7 medium spreading 20-30' 15-25' medium deciduous Specimen.
FALL BLOOMING CHERRY
Prunus x yedoensis 6b, 8a medium weeping 30-40' 15-20' medium deciduous Specimen.
YOSHINO CHERRY
Quercus myrsinifolia 7, 8 medium oval 30-40' 20-30' slow broad-leaved evergreen Screen, specimen or small street tree.
CHINESE EVERGREEN OAK
Salix babylonica entire state fine weeping 30-40' 25-35' fast deciduous Specimen.
WEEPING WILLOW
Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa' entire state fine weeping 20-30' 10-15' medium to fast deciduous Short-lived.
CONTORTED WILLOW
Sabal palmetto 8 coarse upright 30-40' 8-10' medium evergreen palm Specimen, groups.
CABBAGE PALMETTO
Vitex agnus-castus
CHASTETREE
entire state fine vase-shaped, spreading 10-15' 10-15' fast deciduous Blue flowers in mid summer. White and pink flower forms available.
* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.

 

Large Trees - 40 Feet and Up . . .

In the deep South, the foliage of trees provides protection from the hot summer sun, making them a welcome addition to the landscape. They are the largest and the most permanent plant in the landscape. Therefore, large trees should be chosen with care.

Hardiness and disease and insect resistance are important considerations. Some of the trees commonly planted in Georgia should not be used because of undesirable characteristics.

Trees are important in parks and naturalistic developments, useful for screening and windbreaks, and provide shade and ornament for streets and highways. Many large trees may be used for specimens, displaying outstanding form, foliage or flowers. Another ornamental value of some large deciduous trees is fall color.

large 
trees

. . . and Their Characteristics



Botanical Name and COMMON NAME Georgia's Hardy Zone Texture Form Height Spread Growth Rate Class Remarks
Acer rubrum 'Franks Red' 6b, 7 medium rounded 45-50' 35-40' medium deciduous Shade tree with bright red fall color.
RED SUNSET RED MAPLE
-
Acer rubrum 'October Glory' entire state medium oval rounded 40-50' 25-35' medium deciduous Shade tree with excellent late red fall color.
OCTOBER GLORY RED MAPLE
-
Acer saccharum 6b, 7 medium oval 50-60' 25-40' medium to fast deciduous Yellow to reddish fall color. Shade tree.
SUGAR MAPLE*
-
Acer saccharum ssp. floridanum entire state medium oval 40-50' 25-35' medium to fast deciduous Shade tolerant. Usually yellow fall color.
SOUTHERN SUGAR MAPLE*
-
Acer saccharum 'Legacy' 6b, 7 medium oval 40-50' 25-35' medium deciduous Drought resistant with dark green leathery leaves.
LEGACY SUGAR MAPLE
-
Betula nigra 'BNMTF' entire state medium oval 40-50' 30-40' fast deciduous Specimen with good heat tolerance.
DURA-HEAT RIVER BIRCH
-
Betula nigra 'Cully' entire state medium oval 40-50' 25-35' fast deciduous Specimen.
HERITAGE RIVER BIRCH
-
Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata' 6b, 7 medium oval-vase 30-40' 20-30' medium deciduous Narrow when young, spreads with age.
UPRIGHT EUROPEAN HORNBEAM
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Carya illinoinsesis
PECAN
entire state medium rounded 50-60' 30-40' medium deciduous Nuts and shade. Branches subject to breakage.
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Cedrus atlantica 6b, 7 fine to medium pyramidal 60-80' 25-30' slow to medium evergreen conifer Specimen tree.
ATLAS CEDAR
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Celtis laevigata entire state medium upright to rounded 60-80' 25-35' medium deciduous Street and shade tree.
SUGAR HACKBERRY*
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Cercidiphyllum japonicum 6b, 7 medium upright 40-60' 30-40' medium deciduous Shade tree, requires ample moisture.
KATSURA TREE
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Cinnamomum lanceolata 8b medium oval 40-50' 20-30' fast broad-leaved evergreen Screening. May self sow.
CAMPHORTREE
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Cryptomeria japonica 'Yoshino' entire state fine pyramidal 50-60' 20-30' fast evergreen conifer Specimen and screening.
JAPANESE CRYTOMERIA
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x Cupressocyparis leylandii entire state fine pyramidal 50-60' 20-30' fast evergreen conifer Specimen and screening.
LEYLAND CYPRESS
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Fagus grandifolia entire state coarse rounded 60-80' 35-45' medium deciduous Shade tree.
AMERICAN BEECH*
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Ginkgo biloba entire state medium irregular 50-70' 30-40' very slow deciduous Yellow fall color. Specimen. Select male trees.
GINKGO or MAIDEN HAIR TREE
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Liquidambar styracifula
SWEETGUM*
entire state coarse oval 60-80' 40-50' fast deciduous Yellow to orange to purple fall color. Specimen.
-
Liriodendron tulipfera entire state coarse pyramidal 80-100' 30-40' fast deciduous Shade tree, needs adequate moisture.
TULIPTREE or YELLOW POPLAR*
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Magnolia grandiflora entire state coarse horizontal branching pyramidal 60-80' 40-50' slow to medium broad-leaved evergreen Specimen with large white flowers.
SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA*
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Magnolia grandiflora 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' entire state course pyramidal 40-60' 15-30' medium broad-leaved evergreen Compact, dense pyramidal specimen.
BRACKEN'S BROWN BEAUTY MAGNOLIA
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Metasequoia glyptostroboides 6b, 7 fine upright 80-100' 25-30' fast deciduous conifer Specimen or screen, tolerant of wet sites.
DAWN REDWOOD
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Nyssa sylvatica entire state medium oval 40-50' 25-30' medium deciduous Naturalistic gardens.
BLACK TUPELO*
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Pinus elliottii 8 medium horizontal branching 80-100' 15-20' fast evergreen conifer Mass plantings.
SLASH PINE*
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Pinus palustris 8 medium horizontal branching 80-100' 20-25' fast evergreen conifer Mass plantings.
LONGLEAF PINE*
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Pinus strobus 6b, 7 medium pyramidal 50-80' 20-40' medium evergreen conifer Specimen or screening tree.
WHITE PINE*
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Pinus taeda entire state medium horizontal branching 60-80' 20-30' fast evergreen conifer Mass plantings and screening.
LOBLOLLY PINE*
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Platanus occidentalis entire state coarse upright 80-100' 40-50' fast deciduous Shade tree.
SYCAMORE or PLANETREE*
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Platanus x acerifolia entire state coarse upright 70-100' 50-60' fast deciduous Shade tree with urban tolerance.
LONDON PLANETREE
-
-
Quercus alba entire state medium to coarse rounded 60-100' 40-60' slow deciduous Shade tree, difficult to transplant.
WHITE OAK*
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Quercus coccinea entire state medium rounded 60-80' 30-40' medium deciduous Scarlet fall color. Shade.
SCARLET OAK*
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Quercus falcata entire state coarse rounded 70-80' 30-60' medium deciduous Sheds old leaves in early spring. Shade tree.
SOUTHERN RED OAK*
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Quercus hemisphaerica 7, 8 medium rounded 60-80' 40-60' medium semi-evergreen Drought tolerant street tree.
LAUREL OAK or DARLINGTON OAK*
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Quercus laurifolia 7, 8 medium rounded 60-80' 30-40' medium semi-evergreen Shade. Sheds leaves earlier than Laurel Oak.
SWAMP LAUREL OAK*
-
Quercus lyrata
OVERCUP OAK*
entire state medium rounded 40-60' 30-40' medium deciduous Transplants well, adapts to poor sites. Strong oval form when young.
-
Quercus nigra entire state medium rounded 50-80' 40-50' medium to fast deciduous Shade tree.
WATER OAK*
-
Quercus nuttallii
NUTTALL OAK
-
entire state medium rounded 40-60' 30-40' fast deciduous Shade tree with red fall color. Transplants well.
-
Quercus palustris 6b, 7 medium pyramidal 50-60' 25-40' medium deciduous Shade or specimen tree.
PIN OAK
-
Quercus phellos entire state fine rounded 40-60' 30-60' medium deciduous Yellow fall color, shade tree.
WILLOW OAK*
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Quercus shumardii entire state medium pyramidal to rounded 60-80' 50-60' medium deciduous Russet red fall color. Good street tree.
SHUMARD OAK*
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Quercus virginiana 7, 8 medium rounded, spreading 40-80' 60-100' medium broad-leaved evergreen Shade or specimen tree.
LIVE OAK*
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Taxodium distichum entire state fine pyramidal 50-70' 20-30' medium deciduous Specimen with small bright green leaves.
BALD CYPRESS*
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Tsuga canadensis 6b, 7 fine to medium pyramidal 40-70' 25-35' medium evergreen conifer Specimen, screening. Best in filtered shade in piedmont.
CANADIAN HEMLOCK*
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Ulmus parvifolia entire state fine to medium vase shaped 40-60' 30-40' fast deciduous Quick shade. Often con-fused with Siberian elm.
TRUE CHINESE ELM or LACEBARK ELM
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Ulmus parvifolia
'Elmer I'
entire state fine rounded 30-40' 40-55' fast deciduous Specimen or shade for urban areas. Drought tolerant and pest free.
ATHENA LACEBARK ELM
-
Ulmus parvifolia
'Elmer II'
entire state fine vase shaped 50-75' 40-60' fast deciduous Specimen or shade for urban areas. Drought tolerant and pest free.
ALLEE LACEBARK ELM
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Zelkova serrata
'Green Vase'
entire state fine to medium vase shaped 60-80' 40-60' fast deciduous Shade or street tree with fast growth.
GREEN VASE JAPANESE ZELKOVA
-
Zelkova serrata
'Village Green'
entire state fine to medium vase shaped 40-60' 30-40' fast deciduous Excellent street tree with rusty red fall color.
VILLAGE GREEN JAPANESE ZELKOVA
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* Denotes native Georgia plant throughout this table.


Appreciation is expressed to Thomas Williams, Jr., Head, Extension Landscape Department (retired), The University of Georgia, on whose work portions of this publication are based. Also to Gerald E. Smith, Extension Horticulturist (retired), University of Georgia, for helpful suggestions in the original revision. To Will Corley, Georgia Experiment Station (retired), for information pertaining to ornamental grasses, and to other individuals and organizations who contributed information. Appreciation also to the following for artwork: Gregg Coyle, Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture, the Extension Art Department and Howard Ellis, former intern in Extension Landscape Architecture Department.


learning for life

 

Bulletin 625 / Revised February 2010

The University of Georgia and Ft. Valley State University, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and counties of the state cooperating. The Cooperative Extension Service, the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences offers educational programs, assistance and materials to all people without regard to race, color, national origin, age, sex or disability.

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